The 1899 Hague Peace Conference: The Parliament of Man, the Federation of the World

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Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, May 5, 1999 - Law - 480 pages
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'The Dawn of a New Era', as some rejoiced, 'a printer's error in the history of mankind', as others loathed. From the day Czar Nicholas' Peace Rescript surprised a divided world, the First Hague Peace Conference has evoked irreconcilable responses. A predictable failure in the disarmament debate, a distinct leap ahead in curbing the Moloch of War, its lasting repute is linked to its brainchild, the Permanent Court of Arbitration, the cradle of The Hague's present claim as self-imposed Juridical Capital of the World. By all accounts, this 'First Parliament of Man' opened the door to the International Era & man's ultimate dream, 'The Federation of the World'. The 1899 Hague Peace Conference pays tribute to this historical assembly. It deals comprehensively with the genesis, proceedings, & outcome of this first diplomatic encounter of its kind, in the political heart & royal residence of a small, yet ambitious nation. It details the substance matter of the Conference, to put a check on the armaments spiral, to restrain the evils & control the customs of war, & to provide for the peaceful settlement of disputes. Enlarging on the intense debate in committees large & small, the publication likewise echoes the splendour of the ceremonial sittings of the Plenary, that 'New Areopagus' gathered in the House in the Wood, itself the glorification of the Peace of Westphalia, its exotic drawing rooms & celebrated canvasses the pinnacle of arts & crafts of the Dutch Golden Age. On top of this, the work colourfully portrays to a man the full hundred delegates, politicians, diplomats, jurists, & military men, luminaries of the day most of them, & highlights some of their astounding addresses. It introduces the world of pacifists, led by Bloch, Stead, & Von Suttner, who gravitated in great numbers to the hotels of repute at the luxury seashore resort. In a wealth of anecdotes distilled from diaries, memoirs & magazines, this jubilee book pictures in gorgeous detail the splendid social entourage of royal receptions, public dinners & cultural excursions. Lavishly illustrated with scores of ravishing pictures it sketches The Hague of the Belle Epoque, the world of Mesdag & Couperus. Based on primary sources & in-depth research, this commemorative publication is an essentially multi-disciplined approach to a pivotal diplomatic venue, a sweeping legal debate, & a breath-taking social event. Arthur Eyffinger's book on the 1899 Hague Peace Conference was awarded the Certificate of Merit for High Technical Craftsmanship. The Committee stated: "The book was painstakingly researched & richly descriptive, reflecting archival research at its best. Eyffinger recreates the Hague Peace Conference for a contemporary audience, incorporating historical & political context & art, as well as the text of a wealth of original documents. Readers are genuinely transported back to another world, in a way that helps them better appreciate this one."
 

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Contents

Prologue Between Vienna and Versailles
1
An Age of Iron and Blood
7
The Czars Rescript The Dawn of a New
15
Official Reactions
25
Public Opinion and the Press
31
The Second Circular Letter
37
Apostles of Peace Stvords into Ploughshares
42
The Dawn of a New Era
55
War at Sea
235
Cannons Neutral Agents
239
Fifth Meeting of the First Commission
245
Seventh Meeting of the First Commission
248
The Work of the Second Commission To Trim the Claws of the Dragon
255
Humanitarian Aspects
267
Second Meeting of the Second Commission
273
Vessels Medical Personnel Wounded Sick
281

The American Response
64
Taken by Surprise
70
The Holy See
77
The Boer Republics
88
The Sublime Porte
96
The Hague at the Belle Epoque
102
A RussianOrthodox Mass
109
Second Plenary MeetingThe Distribution of Tasks
121
The Delegations The Parliament of Mart The Federation of the World
126
Belgium Beernaert De Grelle Rogier Descamps
133
China Yang Yii HooWeiTeh Lou TsengTsiang
137
Germany Miinster Von Stengel Zorn Von Schwarzhoff SiegeJ
146
Great Britain and Ireland Pauncefote Howard Fisher Ardagh a Court
152
Italy Nigra Zannini Pompilj Zuccari Bianco
157
Luxemburg Eyschen De Villers
163
Persia Mirza Riza Khan Mirza Samad Khan
170
Russia and Montenegro DeStaal Martens Basily Raffalovich Gilinsky Barantzeff
176
Serbia Miyatovitch Maschine Veljkovitch
183
Sweden and Norway Bildt Brandstrdm De Hjulhammar Konow Thaulow
189
Turkey Turkhan Pasha Mehemed Noury Bev Youssouf Bey Abdullah Pasha Mehemed
193
The Work of the First Commission Si vis pacem para bell
204
The Political Angle
211
First Meeting of the First Commission
219
Expanding Bullets Small Arms
227
Fourth Meeting of the Second Commission
287
The Four SectionsBelligerents Hostilities
306
The Social Entourage Painters Palaces and Protests
317
The Grotius Commemoration
324
Public Receptions Excursions and Trips
332
The World of Cartoon and Caricature
341
Forms of Protests
348
The Great Charter
355
Genesis
364
International Commissions of Inquiry
370
The Tribunal in Crisis
376
Draft Convention 3rd Reading International
397
Commissions of Inquiry 3rd Reading The Arbitration
405
Commissions of Inquiry Arbitration
413
The Closure of the Conference The Beginning Not the End
421
The Signing of the Act the Conventions and Declarations
427
Epilogue The Work ofThe Hague
437
The Genesis of the Permanent Court of Arbitration
442
The Second Hague Peace Conference
450
The Proposed Court of Arbitral Justice
457
The Opening Ceremony of the Peace Palace in The Hague
463
Bibliography
469
Index of Names
475
Copyright

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