The American Ideology of National Science, 1919-1930

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University of Pittsburgh Pre, Oct 15, 1971 - Science - 278 pages
Ronald C. Tobey provides a provocative analysis of the movement to establish a national science program in the early twentieth century. Led by several influential scientists, who had participated in centralized scientific enterprises during World War I, the new effort to conjoin science and society was an attempt to return to earlier progressive values with the hope of producing science for society's benefit. The movement was initially undermined by the new physics, and Einstein's theories of relativity, which shattered traditional views and alienated the American public. Nationalized research programs were tempered by the conservatism of corporate donors. Later, with the disintegration of progressivism, the gap between science and society made it impossible for the two cultures to unite.
 

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Contents

1 The Paradox of Progressive Science
3
2 The Awakening of the Scientists 19161920
20
3 Science Service
62
4 The Einstein Controversy 19191924
96
The Scientific Basis of Progress
133
Social Values
167
7 The Failure of the Ideology 19261930
199
Selected Bibliography
235
Index
253
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About the author (1971)

Ronald C. Tobey is professor of history at the University of California, Riverside. He is the author of Saving the Prairies: The Life Cycle of the Founding School of American Plant Ecology, 1895-1955.

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