The American Forest: Or, Uncle Philip's Conversations with the Children about the Trees of America

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Harper, 1834 - Forests and forestry - 250 pages
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Page 71 - The first thing to be considered is the right season for tapping, and this is generally at the end of February or the beginning of March, when the sap begins to ascend.
Page 28 - At the first view of thia unbroken front of 1GOO miles on the ocean, one is tempted to deride any idea of its speedy exhaustion ; but when we reflect that the live oak is essentially a maritime tree, and is never found more than fifteen or twenty miles from the shore ; that this narrow strip of coast is accessible to sea-vessels at every point; that immense quantities have been exported ; and that the sea-islands which chiefly abounded with it have been cleared to a great extent, on account of their...
Page 34 - It appears that the sap-vessels, under the bark, which are in a soft spungy state during the summer, harden in the . winter, and become firm wood. In the next spring, fresh sap rises in another circle of vessels, pushing the bark outwards, and, in its turn, changes into the close-grained proper wood of the tree. Thus the whole is enlarged, and these annular and annual additions are in general clearly discernible.
Page 160 - ... to the other parts of the United States. This tree seldom surpasses the height of 30 or 40 feet and a diameter of 12 or 15 inches. The bark of the young branches is of a grayish white, and the. buds, which spring from the bosom of the leaves, are of a dark brown. One of the distinctive characters of this species is the hairiness of the young shoots and of the petioles in the spring, which is perceptible, also, on the back of the young leaves. The leaves are smooth, of a beautiful green color,...
Page 72 - ... from the weather. The articles required are, axes to cut and split fuel, kettles of fifteen or twenty gallons capacity, an auger of three-quarters of an inch diameter, numerous small troughs to receive the sap, slips of wood* or tubes, eight or ten inches long, corresponding in size with the auger, buckets for emptying the troughs and carrying the sap to the camp, a tree hollowed out, or large tubs, to receive the sap as brought in, from which to supply the kettles, and moulds to receive the...
Page 70 - Philip ; first we get sugar from it ; then it gives us all sorts of beautiful furniture; then it warms our houses, and cooks our dinners ; and then, even after it is burnt, we get something useful and good from the ashes.
Page 248 - The third and last kind of cedar is also called white cedar in the northern parts of the United States and in Canada, where...
Page 46 - The name comes from the wood ; when the tree is fresh cut, the heart is of a violet colour, but after it has been exposed to the air for some time it turns very black.
Page 48 - I have only to tell you now that the black walnut is found in all parts of the United States, but is most...
Page 75 - It is not very common in any part of the United States except Maine ; but still, it is found all along the Alleghany Mountains as far south as Georgia.

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