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THE

AMERICAN NATIONS;

OR,

Outlines of A National History;

OF THE

ANCIENT AND MODERN NATIONS

op

NORTH AND SOUTH AMERICA.

Of this wide Western Hemisphere,
Let us retrace the history;

Of all the Nations dwelling here,
Let us recall the memory.

FIRST 1KUMBEE, OR VOLUME

GENERALITIES AND ANNALS.

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BY PROF. C. S. RAFINESQUE,

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PUBLISHED BY C. S. RAFINESQUE,

NO. 110 NORTH TENTH STREET,

SOLD BY THE PRINCIPAL BOOKSELLERS,

AND IN LONDON BY O. RICH,

IN PARIS BY MEILHAC & BAILLERE.

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PROSPECTUS.

Published quarterly at Five Dollars in advance for Six Numbers or Volumes, similar to this, of nearly 300 pages—each separate Number sold for one Dollar, or more when they will contain maps and illustra-tions.

A list of Agents will be given hereafter. At present the principal Booksellers may act as such.

The Names ot the Subscribers will be printed in a subsequent Number.

It is contemplated to conclude these annals and their illustrations in 12 Numbers or Volumes. Therefore the whole cost to subscribers will only be $10, for which a complete American Historical Library will be obtained.

By remitting $5 to the author, six Volumes are secured whatever be their future price, and will be sent by mail: a similar sum will be due when the 7th number is issued. Those who may prefer to pay $ 10 at once, will be deemed Patrons of the work.

Whoever subscribes and pays for 5 sets, is entitled to a 6th gratis. Agents will be allowed 20 per cent commission.

The price of this Number by itself is One Dollar, or Five Dollars for Six copies.

It contains an introduction, general view, account of materials and cataclysms, the Linapi and Haytian annals, with the Haytian Language, notes, tables, &c.

V

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THE

AMERICAN NATIONS;

.OR,

OUTLINES OF THEIR GENERAL HISTORY.

ANCIENT AND MODERN:

INCLUDING THE WHOLE HISTORY OF THE EARTH
AND MANKIND IN THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE;
THE PHILOSOPHY OF AMERICAN HISTORYj
THE ANNALS, TRADITIONS, CIVILIZATION,
LANGUAGES, &c, OF ALL THE AMERI-
CAN NATIONS, TRIBES, EMPIRES,
AND STATES.

With Maps, Plates, Vines, and Plans of Monuments,
Tables, Notes, and Illustrations,

.

BY C. S. RAFINESQUE:

Professor of Historical and Natural Sciences, Member of many Learned Societies in Paris, Bordeaux, JBruxels, Bonn, Vienna, Zurich, Naples, &c, in Europe.—Philadelphia, New York. Cincinnati, Lexington, Nashville, &c, in America.—The Anieri- ',' can Antiquarian Society, &c.

FIRST VOLUME.

"All we have hitherto learnt respecting the ancient state of the "Natives of the New Continent is nothing in comparison to the "light that will be one day thrown on this subjeet, if we succeed in "bringing together the materials now scattered over both worlds, "that have survived the ages of ignorance and barbarism."—Hum* Mdt.

PHILADELPHIA:

C. S. RAFINESQUE, 110 NORTH TENTH ST.

PRINTED BY F. TURNER, 367 MARKET ST.

1836

Entered according to act of Congress, in the year 1836, by C. S. Rafinesque, in the Clerk's office of the District Court for the Eastern District of the Stato of Pennsylvania.

TO THE

SOCIETY OF GEOGRAPHY.
OF PARIS.

Gentlemex :—

To you I dedicate this work, result of long and weary researches. This homage is due to the public approbation you gave to my first analogous labor, my Memoirs or Series of Researches on the Origin of Mankind: which I endeavored to trace philologically to the centre of Asia. I had announced long ago this history of the Americans, the inhabitants of a whole hemisphere. I had quoted it in my other works. I now offer the outlines of it under your auspices.

You have furnished the example of cultivating along with Geography, all the auxiliary and connected sciences, which may enlighten it: particularly the ancient and modern Ethnography, with Philology one of its bases. You will see that I have followed this practice in availing myself of all the sciences to enlighten the history of mankind, the Ethnography and annals of nations: above all Philology with Chronology and Geography.

The origins and annals of the black nations, and of the American nations, were two subjects quite obscure and neglected, or the least known, of the history of mankind. Nobody has undertaken, as yet, the history of the Negro nations: a labor so difficult and luckless as to be despised.

My memoirs on this despised race, may perhaps furnish the bases of such history. All the histories of America are mere fragments or dreams. I hav« perceived the possibility and necessity to write a general and faithful history of this hemisphere. I now offer the results of this weary labor.

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