The Architects and the City: Holabird & Roche of Chicago, 1880-1918
Winner of the 1998 Spiro Kostof Book Award from the Society of Architectural Historians.
Chicago has always held a special fascination for those interested in architectural and urban history. For many, the defining moment occurred at the turn of the century when Chicago was booming and the world came to the city by the lake. But the story most often told in architectural history—the tale of single creative geniuses like Frank Lloyd Wright and Louis Sullivan—does little to explain the birth of the everyday modern city, with its high-rise downtown, diverse neighborhoods, and sprawling suburbs. This book connects architectural history with urban history by looking at the work of a major architectural firm, Holabird & Roche. No firm in any large American city had a greater impact.
With projects that ranged from tombstones to skyscrapers, boiler rooms to entire industrial complexes, Holabird & Roche left an indelible stamp on the city of Chicago and, indeed, far beyond. In this volume, the first of two on Holabird & Roche and its successor, Holabird & Root, Robert Bruegmann traces the firm’s history from its founding in 1880 to the end of the First World War. Incorporating meticulous research based on the extensive architectural holdings of the Chicago Historical Society, Bruegmann documents the firm’s work from the boom years of the 1880s through the period of sustained growth and innovation after the turn of the century. In chapters devoted to topics as diverse as downtown commercial and retail development, business hotels, civic buildings, automobile showrooms, and suburban clubs and housing, Bruegmann creates a sustained historical narrative that considers the profound interdependence of architecture and modern urban life.
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PART ONE Starting Out 18801883
PART TWO Boom Years 18841893
The Glen View Golf
PART FOUR An Expanding Practice 19081918
Courthouse and Chicago City Hall
ADDRESS SE corner ADDRESS SW Aldis American appears automobile block Boston Store brick building Building ADDRESS Building cat Burnham and Root cago Chicago architects Chicago City Hall Chicago Historical Society Chicago Telephone Company Chicagoans clients COMM commercial buildings commissions construction cornice created Dearborn DESCRIPTION One-story DESCRIPTION Three-story DESCRIPTION Two-story brick elevation Evanston example facade firm firm's floor Fort Sheridan Glen View Golf Historical Society Architectural Historical Society Prints Holabird & Roche Hotel Illinois ADDRESS interior Jenney John Root LaSalle loft buildings Loop Louis Sullivan Mandel Brothers Martin Roche Mead and White Michigan Avenue Monroe office building ornament Photographs Department Prints and Photographs real estate Roche's Sheridan Simonds skyscraper Society Architectural Collections space standing 1983 DESCRIPTION Standing 1996 H&R STATUS Built steel frame stories structure Sullivan terra cotta University Club view of exterior walls William Holabird York