The Army of Francis Joseph

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Purdue University Press, 1998 - History - 298 pages
The army was perhaps the most important single institution in the multinational empire of the Hapsburgs. The Austro-Hungarian dynasty survived through the military power it could command, and the rise and fall of the fortress of the Hapsburgs were mirrored accurately in the state of its military establishment. It was in the army alone, with its common language, ideals, and loyalty, that the concept of a great empire headed by an emperor was even partially translated into reality. But in an age of nationalism, the army alone could not save the multinational state. Tradition and circumstance cast it into the role of a loyal servant the Emperor Francis Joseph and his dynasty, a role which proved inadequate to deal with the problems of the age. Rothenberg's work is the first analytical, full-length study of the army of Francis Joseph throughout its history from 1815-1918. He considers campaigns, battles, and leaders, but places his main emphasis on analyses of the overall developments in the military establishment, its role in foreign and internal policy, and above all on its struggle against the disintegration of the empire under the strain of growing national division.
 

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Contents

The Evolution of the Army Origins to Archduke Charles
1
The Austrian Army in the Age of Metternich 18151847
9
Guardians of an Empire The Army 18481849
22
The Emperors Personal Command 18491859
38
The End of an Age 18601866
56
Dualism and Reorganization 18671874
74
The Army and the Balkans 18741881
90
The Era of Beck and Albrecht 18811895
105
The Conrad Era from His Appointment to the Annexation Crisis 19061909
139
Conrad Moltke Aehrenthal and the Balkan Crises 19091913
157
AustriaHungarys Last War 19141915
172
War on Many Fronts and the Death of Emperor Francis Joseph 19151916
187
Emperor Charles and the Dissolution of the Habsburg Army 19161918
201
Epilogue
219
Notes
223
Index
273

Foreign Equilibrium and Internal Crisis 18951905
123

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Page xi - Foundation, with supplementary aid from the American Council of Learned Societies, the American Philosophical Society, and the...
Page ix - ... became increasingly radicalized after 1910. Vucinich's familiarity with Marxist historiographical attempts to coopt Young Bosnia's revolutionary spirit and Yugoslav ideology into the communist heritage is especially noteworthy. Gunther Rothenburg asks why the Habsburg Army, in Liddell Hart's phrase, "withstood the shock and strain of war for four years in a way that surprised and dismayed [its] opponents.
Page x - Taylor observed, the Habsburg empire never became a Militarstaat in the Prussian sense. In fact, "the 'military monarchy' of the Habsburgs was the least militarized state in Europe.
Page x - ... Epilogue" (pp. 219-222), round off the author's masterful treatment of the army's organization. As Rothenberg rightly points out, since the Habsburg army had once been an important educational factor, people in many parts of Central and East-Central Europe still remember it fondly. As he aptly phrases it. This army which, as Schiller put it, Wallenstein called forth from the void, is gone. Its bugles no longer sound across the plains of Podolia and Hunngary; its signal horns no longer shrill...

About the author (1998)

Gunther Rothenberg was the world's leading authority on the Napoleonic Wars. He served with the British, Israeli and US Military and was Professor of History at Purdue University in the USA. He was the leading English-speaking historian of warfare in the German-speaking lands. His many distinguished works include The Army of Francis Joseph and The Hapsburg Military Frontier.

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