AVANT-GARDE RUSSIAN ARCHITECTURE
Avant-Garde Modernism dominated the Russian architectural profession throughout the 1920s. Though severely limited by the disruptions of revolutions and civil war, the Avant-Garde has left behind it a body of theoretical work and a number of important completed projects that exerted a profound influence on pioneers of the Modern movement such as Walter Gropius and Hannes Meyer. Too often reduced to a single, homogenous movement, Soviet Modernism is here presented in all its considerable diversity; with over 300 rarely seen contemporary photographs, and documents by leading Modernists such as Tatlin, Melkikov and Golosov. In a new essay, Catherine Cooke examines the pre-revolutionary origins of the Avant-Garde and highlights the numerous fissures and tensions that characterized the movement during its decade of greatest influence.
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Kenneth Powell Modernism Divided
Vladimir Tatlin TheWork Ahead of US
ASNOVA and the Rationalists 32 OSA and the Constructivists
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aesthetic Alexander Kuznetsov Alexander Nikolsky Alexei Shchusev amongst Andrei Burov architects architectural form architectural mass artistic ASNOVA avant-garde axonometric Barshch Boris Velikovsky building built camoneta central Moscow Classicism Club cohort communal housing competition project composition construction Constructivism Constructivists contemporary courtyard created creative department store detail economic elements epoch exhibition Exposition des Arts first-floor plans formal Georgi Golts ground-floor plan ideas Ilia Golosov Inkhuk innovation Institute Ivan Fomin Ivan Leonidov Ivan Nikolaev Ivan Zholtovsky Konstantin Melnikov Lenin Library Leningrad material Mikhail modern modernist Moisei Ginzburg Moscow movement Nikolai Kolli Nikolai Ladovsky Nikolai Markovnikov º º º organisation Palace of Labour pavilion Petersburg photograph 1989 photograph soon principles profession programme psychotechnics Rationalists result Revolution sculpture ſº social soon after completion Soviet Union space spatial structure style Tatlin teaching theoretical tion traditional Vesnin Brothers Vkhutemas Vladimir Krinsky Vladimir Shchuko