The Baiuvarii and Thuringi: An Ethnographic Perspective

Přední strana obálky
Janine Fries-Knoblach, Heiko Steuer, John Hines
Boydell & Brewer Ltd, 2014 - Počet stran: 388
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A study of two Germanic tribes, the Baiuvarii and Thuringi, looking at their origins, development, and customs between the fifth and the eighth centuries.

The large neighbouring tribes of the Baiuvarii and Thuringi, who lived between the Alps and the River Elbe from the fifth to eighth centuries, are the focus of this book. Using a variety of different sources drawn from the fieldsof archaeology, history, linguistics and religion, the contributions discuss how an ethnos, a gens, or a tribe, such as the Baiuvarii or Thuringi, might appear in the written and archaeological evidence. For the Thuringi tribal traditions started around the year 400 or even earlier, while the Baiuvarii experienced a much later ethnogenesis from both immigrants and a local, partly Romance population in the mid-sixth century.
The Baiuvarii and Thuringi are studied together because of the astonishing connections between their two settlement landscapes. In the context of the row-grave civilisation the Thuringi belonged primarily to the eastern, the Baiuvarii to thewestern sphere. The kingdom of the Thuringi was assimilated into the Merovingian Empire after their defeat by the Franks in the 530s, which also changed their burial customs to the style of the western row-grave zone. In contrast, the Baiuvarii were not Frankicised until more than a century later and their grave customs remained more typically Bavarian. The chapters highlight typical features of each region and beyond: settlements, agricultural economy, law, religion, language, names, craftsmanship, grave goods, mobility and communication.

Janine Fries-Knoblach is a freelance archaeologist with a special interest in the fields of settlements, agriculture and technology of protohistoric Central Europe, and has taught at a number of German universities; Heiko Steuer is Professor Emeritus of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Archaeology and Archaeology of the Middle Ages at Freiburg University, Germany, with a special interest in the social and economic history of Germanic tribes in Central Europe; John Hines is Professor of Archaeology at Cardiff University and is supervising the publication of the remaining volumes inthis series.

Contributors: Giorgio Ausenda, Janine Fries-Knoblach, Heike Grahn-Hoek, Dennis H. Green, Wolfgang Haubrichs, Joachim Henning, Max Martin, Peter Neumeister, Heiko Steuer, Claudia Theune-Vogt, Ian Wood.


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1 Introduction
2 The Boii Bohemia Bavaria
3 Baiovarii Romani and Others Language Names and Groups south of the River Danube and in the Eastern Alps during the Early Middle Ages
4 The Ancient Thuringians Problems of Names and Family Connections
5 Kinship and Marriage among the Baiuvarii and Thuringi
6 Thuringians and Bavarians Location n Space and Time and Social Relations
7 Dwellings and Settlements of the Baiuvarii before Urbanisation
The Case of the Thuringi
9 Signs and Symbols in Archaeological Material Finds
10 The Thuringi the Peculiarities of Their Law and Their Legal Relations to the Gentes of Their Time Chiefly According to the Lex Angliorum et W...
11 Religion in PreCarolingian Thuringia and Bavaria
Did the Agricultural Revolution go East with Carolingian Conquest? Some Reflections on Early Medieval Rural Economics of the Baiuvarii and Thur...
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O autorovi (2014)

Janine Fries-Knoblach studied prehistory, ancient history, classical and provincial-Roman archaology in Munich and Oxford and worked for heritage authorities and as a lecturer at the universities of Erlangen, Würzburg, and Freiburg. She spent much time editing and translating and was project coordinator of BEFIM at Ludwig-Maximilians-University (LMU) Munich from 2016-2018. Her research focuses on technical aspects (agriculture, metalworking, textiles, salt production, architecture) and human handedness. She published monographs on pre- and protohistoric agricultural technique on the British Isles and the Continent, on tools, methods, and significance of Iron Age salt production in Central and North-Western Europe and on the Celts, and many papers.

JOHN HINES is Professor of Archaeology at Cardiff University.

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