The Bengal Borderland: Beyond State and Nation in South Asia

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Anthem Press, 2005 - History - 429 pages
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The Bengal Borderland constitutes the epicentre of the partition of British India. Yet while the forging of international borders between India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Burma (the 'Bengal Borderland') has been a core theme in Partition studies, these crucial borderlands have, remarkably, been largely ignored by historians. While South Asia is poorly represented in borderland studies, the study of South Asian borderlands appears indispensable because here a major and intensely contested experiment in twentieth-century border making took place. Without direct reference to the borderlands as a historical reality it is not possible to understand how post-colonial societies in South Asia developed, the extent to which South Asian economies actually became bounded by borders, or the ways in which national identities became internalized. This groundbreaking new volume brings the border back in, to inscribe the constantly shifting borderlands into the larger historiography of post-1947 South Asia. Inexamining this crucial region, Willem van Schendel closely examines this crucial region, tracing the new geographies thrown up by Partition, further reconfigured by over half a century of social, political and cultural negotiation and struggle, and exploring how they have exerted an immense influence over the course of human events in South Asia. The Bengal Borderlands challenges existing assumptions about the nature of relationships between people, place, identity and culture, and raises particularly urgent questions in the context of globalization, with its predictions of the 'end of geography' and a borderless, homogeneous world. This book will interest historians, geographers, politicalscientists and economics, as well as South Asianists and migration experts, and will appeal to
 

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Contents

Partition Studies
24
Radcliffes Fateful Line
39
A Patchwork Border
53
Securing the Territory
87
Defiance and Accommodation
147
Narratives of Border Crossing
191
Migrants Fences and Deportation
210
Rebels and Bandits
257
Rifle Raj and the Killer Border
332
Beyond State and Nation
363
Appendix
398
Index
419
296
426
Copyright

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About the author (2005)

Willem van Schendel is Professor of Modern Asian History at the University of Amsterdam and heads the Asia department of the International Institute of Social History at Amsterdam. Formerly, he held the chair of Comparative History at Erasmus University, Rotterdam.

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