The Best Investment a Nation Ever Made: A Tribute to the Dwight D. Eisenhower System of Interstate and Defense Highways
Without a first class system of interstate highways, life in America would be far different -- it would be more risky, less prosperous, & lacking in the efficiency & comfort that Americans now enjoy & take for granted. The Dwight D. Eisenhower System of Interstate & Defense Highways, in place & celebrating its 40th anniversary, must surely be the best investment a nation ever made. Consider this: it has saved the lives of at least 187,000 people; it has prevented injuries to nearly 12 million people; it has returned more that $6 in economic productivity for each $1 it cost, & much more. Photos. Charts & tables.
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1994 Highway Statistics 20 percent Alaska American annual automobiles Benefits of Interstate Calculated from data California competitiveness Council Accident Costs Dakota Department of Transportation designated interstate standard economic growth efficient employment Estimate of Reduced estimated based expanded expenditures Federal Highway Administration gross domestic product Highway Users Illinois impacts improved increased injuries avoided injury rate Interstate Cost interstate fatalities interstate highway system Interstate Highways Washington interstate standard interstate standard highways investment lane miles largest urban area Market Share mileage miles per route Nadiri and Mamuneas National Highway System National Safety Council National Transit Database nearly non-highway non-interstate North Dakota Ohio operating costs percent lower person miles personal mobility reduced traffic rural and intercity Safety Council Accident savings super-highways Surface Transportation System System of Interstate Texas Transportation Institute traffic congestion Transit Database 1994 trillion United States Department urban areas urban rail user fees vehicle Virginia Wendell Cox
Page 27 - ... reinstated a policy of spending one-half of a percent of estimated construction budgets on art. Many states have now enacted similar programs, including Alaska, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.
Page 3 - On June 29, 1956, President Eisenhower signed the Federal Aid-Highway Act of 1956, which authorized the interstate highway system (later formally named the Dwight D. Eisenhower System of Interstate and Defense Highways). The Act authorized 41,000 miles of high quality highways that were to tie the nation together.
Page 26 - Arkansas", "Colorado", "Delaware", "Florida". "Hawaii", "Illinois". "Iowa". "Kentucky", "Maine", "Massachusetts", "Minnesota", "Missouri", "Nebraska", "New Hampshire". "New Mexico", "North Carolina", "Ohio". "Oregon", "Rhode Island".
Page 39 - Study of Impacts of Highway Capacity Improvements on Air Quality and Energy Consumption.
Page 36 - M. Ishaq Nadiri and Theofanis P. Mamuneas, Contribution of Highway Capital to Industry and National Productivity Growth (Washington, DC: United States Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, 1996).
Page 4 - High standards were adopted for the interstate highway system. Access to all interstates was to be fully controlled. There would be no intersections or traffic signals. All traffic and railroad crossings would be grade separated, requiring the construction of more than 55,000 bridges. Interstates were to be divided and have at least four wide traffic lanes (two in each direction) and adequate shoulders.
Page 40 - DEPUTY COMMANDER IN CHIEF UNITED STATES TRANSPORTATION COMMAND BEFORE THE HOUSE COMMITTEE ON TRANSPORTATION AND INFRASTRUCTURE SURFACE TRANSPORTATION SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE US DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION'S RECOMMENDED NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM...
Page 4 - pay as you go" system that would rely primarily on federally imposed user fees on motor fuels — the federal user fee per gallon of gasoline was increased by one cent. The federal user fees would provide 90 percent of the cost of construction with the balance being provided primarily by the states.
Page 24 - Users works for better, safer highway transportation through public policy analysis, public information and education, and legislative and regulatory advocacy. It believes that good highways are essential to a strong economy and the costs of improving highway transportation should be borne by the users.