The Bethlehem Bach Choir - An Historical and Interpretative Sketch
THE BETHLEHEM BACH CHOIR AN HISTORICAL AND INTERPRETATIVE SKETCH RAYMOND WALTERS I I REGISTRAR AND ASSISTANT PROFESSOR OF ENGLISH LEHIGH UNIVERSITY BOSTON AND NEW YORK HOUGHTON MIFFLIN COMPANY 1918 PREFACE 61 IT is to be said at the outset that this book is not the work of a musical critic, but ofan editor and annalist. By permission of my fellow-alumnus of Lehigh University, Dr. M. A. DeWolfe Howe, this statement is borrowed from his historical sketch of the Boton Symphony Orcheslra, an admirable book to which the present volume owes much in other respects than this prefatory quotation. This is an account of a choir that has gained distinction in American musical life. The exceptional historical background the Choir has had -with all that this means in inspiration and stimulus-is outlined. But there has been no minimizing of the early and present difficulties in maintaining the Bach Festivals. These singers of Bethlehem are not set apart by reason of talent or tradition or fortune. They are plain American citizens who have followed a leader in doing a work supremely worth while. Their success should be an encouragement to community choruses in other parts of the country because they have succeeded by qualities that all may emulate - devotion and concentration. Their recipe has been that which Bach himself gave when asked how he had brought his art to such per- fection I have had to work hard any one who will work equally hard will be able to do as much. For the preparation of the lists in the appendices of this book credit is due to Mrs. George W. Halliwell, Membership Secretary of the Bach Choir. RAYMOND WALTERS CONTENTS I. FROM PIONEER DAYS TO THE ERA OF STEEL . . 3 11. THE BEGINNINGS OF BACH SINGING 111. THE EACH FESTIVALS, IV. THE FESTIVALS AT LEHIGH UNIVERSITY 36 IN BETHLEHEM 1900-1905 . . . . 49 . . . 90 V. THE BETHLEHEM BACH CHOIR IN NEW YORK . 150 CONDUCTOR OF THE BACH VI. DR. J. FRED WOLLE, CHOIR . . . . . . . . . . 171 VII. MR. CHARLES M. SCHWAB AND THE BACH CHOIR 188 VIII. THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE CHOIR . . 202 IX. A COMMUNITY ENTERPRISE . . . . . . 219 X. A MUSICAL FORCE . . . . ., . . 234 APPENDIX A. THE SVGERS OF THE CHOIR . . . . 245 B. THE WORKS RENDERED AND THE SOLOISTS 265 C. THE MORAVIAN TROMBONE CHOIR. . . 275 D. THE ORCHESTRA . . . . . . . 277 E. OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES . . . . 281 ILLUSTRATIONS JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH, I 685-1 750 photogravure Frontispiece From an engraving by F. A. Andofi after the portrait by C. Jiger FACSIMILE OF THE l811 BETHLEHEM SCORE OF HAYDNS CREATION 18 Photograph by Conradi . . . . . . . . . . THE MORAVIAN CHURCH, BETHLEHEM. VIEW FROM CEDAR SQUARE AND CHRISTMAS DECORATIONS IN . . . . . . . . . . . CHANCEL 22 Photographs by H. B. Eggert THE BETHLEHEM BACH CHOIR OF 1903 AT THE MORA- VIAN CHURCH . . . . . . . . . . 68 Photograph by Flickinger THE MORAVIAN SEMINARY COLONIAL HALL REHEARSAL HOME AND COLLEGE .FOR WOMEN. AND COLLEGE HALL AND THE CHAPEL, OF THE BACH CHOIR . . . . 94 Photographs by Conradi PACKER MEMORIAL CHURCH, LEHIGH UNIVERSITY, HOME OF THE BACH FESTIVALS . . . . . . 104 Photograph by the Albertype Company THE BACH CHOIR OF 1914 AT LEHIGH UNIVERSITY Photograph by Flickinger . . I I2 THE BACH CHOIR OF 1916 ON THE LEHIGH UNIVERSITY CAMPUS . . . . . . . . . . . 124 Photograph by Thompson SINGING THE B MINOR MASS AT THE I917 BACH FES- TIVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . I 36 Photograph by the Philadelphia Evening Ledger ILLUSTRATIONS CHESTRA . . . . . . . . . . . Photograph by Charles F. Allen CHORALES . . . . . . . . . . . Photographs by the hlusical Courier and hlusical Arnerira 160 164 DR. J. FRED WOLLE, FOUNDER AND CONDUCTOR OF THE BETHLEHEM BACH CHOIR . 172 Photograph by Flickinger MR. CHARLES M. SCHWAB, MAIN GUARANTOR OF THE BETHLEHEM BACH CHOIR . 188 Photograph by C. M. Hayes DR. HENRY S. DRINKER, PRESIDENT Photograph by McCaa IR. ALBERT N...
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The Bethlehem Bach Choir: An Historical and Interpretative Sketch
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