The Biosphere

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Springer Science & Business Media, Mar 27, 1998 - Science - 178 pages
Long unknown in the West, The Biosphere established the field of biogeochemistry and is one of the classic founding documents of what later became known as Gaia theory. It is the first sustained expression of the idea that life is a geological force that can change Earth's landforms, its climate, and even the contents of its atmosphere. A complete, unabridged translation has never before been available in English. This edition - complete with extensive annotations, an introductory essay placing the work in its historical context and explaining its relevance to readers today, and a foreword cosigned by a stellar group of international experts - will be the definitive edition of this classic work. "What Darwin did for life through time, Vernadsky did for life through space on a geological scale".
 

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Contents

The Biosphere in the Cosmic Medium
45
The Biosphere as a Region of Transformation of Cosmic Energy
47
The Empirical Generalization and the Hypothesis
51
Living Matter in the Biosphere
56
The Multiplication of Organisms and Geochemical Energy in Living Matter
60
Photosynthetic Living Matter
72
Some Remarks on Living Matter in the Mechanism of the Biosphere
85
An Envelope of the Earth
91
Life in the Hydrosphere
126
Geochemical Cycles of the Living Concentrations and Films of the Hydrosphere
134
Living Matter on Land
142
The Relationship Between the Living Films and Concentrations of the Hydrosphere and Those of Land
148
A Biographical Chronology
151
Vernadskys Publications in English
159
Bibliography
160
Acknowledgments
183

Living Matter of the First and Second Orders in the Biosphere
103
The Limits of Life
113
The Limits of Life in the Biosphere
117

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About the author (1998)

Lynn Margulis was born in Chicago, Illinois on March 5, 1938. She graduated from the University of Chicago at the age of 18. She received a master's degree in genetics and zoology from the University of Wisconsin and a Ph.D. in genetics from the University of California, Berkeley. She taught for 22 years at Boston University before joining the faculty at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst in 1988. She was best known for her theory of species evolution by symbiogensis. The manuscript in which she first presented her findings was published in 1967 by the Journal of Theoretical Biology. An expanded version, with additional evidence to support the theory, became her first book entitled Origin of Eukaryotic Cells. Her other works include Symbiosis in Cell Evolution, Luminous Fish: Tales of Science and Love, Dazzle Gradually: Reflections on the Nature of Nature, and Mind, Life, and Universe: Conversations with Great Scientists of Our Time. She died five days after suffering a hemorrhagic stroke on November 22, 2011 at the age of 73.

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