The Birth of a New Physics
These are notions so basic to our view of life that we take them for granted. But in the seventeenth century they were revolutionary, heretical, even dangerous to the men who formed them. Culture, religion, and science had intertwined over the centuries to create a world view based on a stationary earth. Indeed, if the earth moved, would not birds be blown off the trees and would not an object thrown straight up come down far away?
Then came the Renaissance and with it Copernicus, Galileo, Kepler, Huygens, and Newton: giants who courageously remade the world into an earth which actually moves 100,000 feet a second while revolving 1,000 miles an hour around an object 93,000,000 miles away. And yet birds perch unruffled and an apple will fall straight down.
All of this we think we know. But how well do we know it? In the twenty-five years since its first publication, The Birth of a New Physics has become a classic in the history of science. Here expanded by more than one-third and fully updated, it not only offers us the best account of the greatest scientific revolution but also tells us how we can know we live in a dynamic universe.
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THE PHYSICS OF A MOVING EARTH
THE OLD PHYSICS
THE EARTH AND THE UNIVERSE
Copernicus and the Birth of Modern ScienceThe System
Uniform Linear MotionA Locomotives Smokestack and a Moving
KEPLERS CELESTIAL MUSIC
The Ellipse and the Keplerian UniverseThe Three Laws
Galileos Experiments on Free Fall
The HypotheticoDeductive Method
A Summary of Galileos Major Discoveries in the Science
The Analysis of Curvilinear Orbital
Proof that an Elliptical Planetary Orbit Follows from
Newtons Steps to Universal Gravity
A GUIDE TO FURTHER READING
accelerated motion air resistance Aristotelian Aristotelian physics Aristotle astronomical astronomical units attraction axis ball celestial circle circular motion concept constant speed Copernican system Copernicus Copernicus's Descartes discovered distance downward ellipse epicycle equal areas equation experiment fact falling bodies fixed stars force free fall Galileo Galileo's discoveries gravitational heavens Hence Hooke horizontal inclined plane inertial motion inverse-square inverse-square law inversely Jupiter Kepler laws of Kepler laws of motion Mars mass mathematical medieval ment Mercury moon move uniformly moving earth nature Newton Newtonian object observed parabola physics planetary orbits planets planets move Principia principle of inertia problem projectile proportional proved Ptolemaic system radius rest result retrograde motion revolution rotation satellites Saturn science of motion scientific scientist seen shows Simplicio sphere spherical square straight line Supplement surface telescope terrestrial theorem third law tion uniform motion uniformly accelerated motion universe Venus vertical weight
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