The Botany of Mangroves
Mangroves are distinctive tropical plant communities that occupy the intertidal zone between sea and land. They are of major ecological importance, have economic value as a source of food and raw materials, and serve as a buffer from flooding and climate change-induced sea level rise. Mangroves are under threat from pollution, clearance and over-exploitation, and increasing concern has driven demand for an improved understanding of mangrove species. This book provides an introduction to mangroves, including their taxonomy, habitat-specific features, reproduction and socio-economic value. Fully updated to reflect the last two decades of research, this new edition of a key text includes newly documented taxa, new understandings of vivipary and the evolution of mangrove species, and a rich set of colour illustrations. It will appeal to researchers and students across a range of disciplines, including botany, ecology and zoology.
Shoot and Leaf Systems
Water Relations and Salt Balance
Seedlings and Seeds
Mangroves and People
Aegialitis Aegiceras aerial roots Africa alba anthers apex apiculata Australia Avicennia axillary axis Back mangal basal base bracteoles branches Bruguiera calyx calyx lobes Camptostemon carpels Ceriops characteristic cm long coastal communities conspicuous corolla cotyledons dehiscent diameter dispersal distal distinct distribution Duke ecological embryo erect extended female flowers Figure fleshy Floral diagram Flower in L.S. fruit genera genus germinans glabrous glands growth Guinea gymnorrhiza hairy hybrid hypocotyl included indumentum inflorescence inserted Kandelia Laguncularia leaf leaflets leaves Lumnitzera Male flower mangal Mangium mangrove associate mangrove Rhizophoraceae mangroves margin marina mature morphology Nypa occur ovary ovules Pacific pair Papua New Guinea Pelliciera petals petiole plants Plate pneumatophores pollen propagules Queensland racemosa range Rhizophora mangle Rhizophoraceae root system salinity salt sclereids seed seedling shoot short Sonneratia species stamens stigma stipules structure stylosa substrate surface taxa terminal tidal Tomlinson tree tropical trunk tube usually vegetative vivipary xylem Xylocarpus