The CDU and the Politics of Gender in Germany: Bringing Women to the Party
This book develops the concept of the corporatist catch-all party to explain how the German Christian Democratic Union (CDU) has responded to changing demands from women over the past forty years. Otto Kirchheimer's classic study argues that when catch-all parties reach out to new constituencies, they are forced to decrease the involvement of membership to facilitate doctrinal flexibility. In a corporatist catch-all party, however, societal interests are represented within the party organization and policy making is the result of internal party negotiation. Through an investigation of CDU policy making in the issue areas of abortion policy, work-family policy, and participation policy, this book demonstrates that sometimes the CDU mobilizes rather than disempowers membership. An important lesson of this study is that a political party need not sacrifice internal democracy and ignore its members in order to succeed at the polls.
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1 The Puzzle of CDU Policy Making on Womens Issues
2 The Corporatist CatchAll Party Model
3 The Postwar CDU
4 The Emergence of the Womens Union 19691982
5 The Womens Union in the Dominant Coalition 19821989
6 Looking Eastward
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abortion policy abortion reform activists actors agenda Angela Merkel auxiliary organizations beneﬁts Bösch Bundestag catch-all party structure Catholic CDAV CDU policy CDU’s CDU/CSU child child-raising money Christian Democratic Party Christian Democratic women cobbled coalition conﬂict conservative corporatist catch-all party debate democracy difﬁcult dominant coalition election electoral favor female feminist movement ﬁrst Furthermore gender quotas Heiner Geissler Helmut Kohl increase women’s inﬂuence internal party groups Kohl leadership liberal membership Merkel mothers National Party Congress ofﬁce ÖVP parental leave parental leave policy participation policy party chair party leaders party organization party’s party’s internal percent personal interview political parties position proposal Protestants representation response Rita Süssmuth signiﬁcant signiﬁcantly Social Committees Social Democrats Socialist society strategy Süddeutsche Zeitung Süssmuth uniﬁcation voters West Germany women’s issues women’s movement women’s organization women’s participation women’s policy women’s quota Women’s Union work-family policy Youth Union