The CERT Guide to Insider Threats: How to Prevent, Detect, and Respond to Information Technology Crimes (theft, Sabotage, Fraud)

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Addison-Wesley Professional, 2012 - Computers - 389 pages

Since 2001, the CERTŪ Insider Threat Center at Carnegie Mellon University's Software Engineering Institute (SEI) has collected and analyzed information about more than seven hundred insider cyber crimes, ranging from national security espionage to theft of trade secrets. The CERTŪ Guide to Insider Threats describes CERT's findings in practical terms, offering specific guidance and countermeasures that can be immediately applied by executives, managers, security officers, and operational staff within any private, government, or military organization.

The authors systematically address attacks by all types of malicious insiders, including current and former employees, contractors, business partners, outsourcers, and even cloud-computing vendors. They cover all major types of insider cyber crime: IT sabotage, intellectual property theft, and fraud. For each, they present a crime profile describing how the crime tends to evolve over time, as well as motivations, attack methods, organizational issues, and precursor warnings that could have helped the organization prevent the incident or detect it earlier. Beyond identifying crucial patterns of suspicious behavior, the authors present concrete defensive measures for protecting both systems and data.

This book also conveys the big picture of the insider threat problem over time: the complex interactions and unintended consequences of existing policies, practices, technology, insider mindsets, and organizational culture. Most important, it offers actionable recommendations for the entire organization, from executive management and board members to IT, data owners, HR, and legal departments.

With this book, you will find out how to

  • Identify hidden signs of insider IT sabotage, theft of sensitive information, and fraud
  • Recognize insider threats throughout the software development life cycle
  • Use advanced threat controls to resist attacks by both technical and nontechnical insiders
  • Increase the effectiveness of existing technical security tools by enhancing rules, configurations, and associated business processes
  • Prepare for unusual insider attacks, including attacks linked to organized crime or the Internet underground

By implementing this book's security practices, you will be incorporating protection mechanisms designed to resist the vast majority of malicious insider attacks.

 

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Contents

Chapter 1 Overview
1
Chapter 2 Insider IT Sabotage
23
Chapter 3 Insider Theft of Intellectual Property
61
Chapter 4 Insider Fraud
101
Chapter 5 Insider Threat Issues in the Software Development Life Cycle
129
Chapter 6 Best Practices for the Prevention and Detection of Insider Threats
145
Chapter 7 Technical Insider Threat Controls
215
Chapter 8 Case Examples
241
Appendix B Deeper Dive into the Data
307
Appendix C CyberSecurity Watch Survey
319
Appendix D Insider Threat Database Structure
325
MERIT InterActive
333
Appendix F System Dynamics Background
345
Glossary of Terms
351
References
359
About the Authors
365

Chapter 9 Conclusion and Miscellaneous Issues
275
Appendix A Insider Threat Center Products and Services
299

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About the author (2012)

Dawn Cappelli, CISSP, is Technical Manager of the CERT Insider Threat Center and the Enterprise Threat and Vulnerability Management Team at Carnegie Mellon University's Software Engineering Institute (SEI). She has spent the past decade working with organizations such as the U.S. Secret Service and Department of Homeland Security in protecting the United States against insider threats. Andrew Moore is Lead Researcher in the CERT Insider Threat Center and Senior Member of Technical Staff at SEI. Randall Trzeciak is a Senior Member of Technical Staff at SEI, and Technical Team Lead for the Insider Threat Research Group at the CERT Insider Threat Center.

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