The Challenge of Attachment for Caregiving
The Challenge of Attachment for Caregivingdescribes a theoretical model for the development of caregiving that complements and also extends attachment theory. The model highlights the conditions under which adult caregivers can remain in a state of arrested development, impairing their own ability to give care and resulting in attachment problems for those who seek care from them. It shows how insecure attachment in childhood and adolescence impedes the development of caregiving and how, in times of crisis, even securely attached individuals need appropriate support in order to sustain their capacity to give effective care.
Constructing a systemic model of the self, the authors place the instinctive systems fr caregiving and careseeking (attachment) within a theory that relates them to other systems of the self, such as the systems for sharing interests, sexuality and for self-defence. The model describes the interplay between these goal-corrected behavioural systems. Because it includes the defensive mechanisms and strategies which an individual values most, it is particularly helpful to the therapist in understanding the interpersonal processes between people who are seeking to influence each other's behaviour. It is presented in a form that enables the therapist to formulate hyptheses about at client's predicament and their way of relating to the therapist and then explore and test these hypotheses in the course of therapy.
Drawing on many years' experience as clinicians and researchers, Dorothy Heard and Brian Lake explore in depth an aspect of human development which has profound implications for our future survival. Presenting its own challenge to both theory and practice, this book offers students and practitioners a new perspective on attachment.
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Caregiving from an evolutionary perspective
Human nonverbal and symbolic communication and
Bowlbys model for instinctive behaviour based on
Extensions to Bowlbys model of instinctive behaviour
The emergence of highorder systems of the self
Categorising the functions of instinctive systems of the self
Implicit concepts of caregiving in the development of
Values and ideals in promoting maturation and wellbeing
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ability achieve activated affect anxiety appraisal aspects assessment assessor associated attachment figures attachment theory attunement behavioural systems Bowlby brain capacity CG/CS Chapter child client concept conceptualisation consider D/S patterns D/S relating defensive idealisations described developmental disassuaging discuss ego ideal emotion environment evoke example experience exploration exploratory feelings Freud's function genogram goal-corrected Guntrip homeostasis homeostatic human IMERs individual individual's infant insecure instinctive behaviour instinctive systems interactions interest interest-sharing internal supportive system interpersonal limbic system MacLean maintain maturative aspirations maturative ideals ment metacognition mother motherese needs non-maturative non-verbal object relations theory parental figures partnerships patterns of relating peers predictions primates processes psychological psychotherapy R-complex reaching the goals recognised relationships responses romantic love SC relating secure self-care and management sense set goal shared Situation Test social squirrel monkey super-ego supportive companionable therapeutic frame therapist therapy tion Trevarthen understanding