The Challenge of Rural Electrification: Strategies for Developing Countries

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Earthscan, Jul 11, 2007 - Law - 367 pages
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Douglas Barnes and his team of development experts provide an essential guide that can help improve the quality of life to the estimated 1.6 billion rural people in the world who are without electricity. The difficulties in bringing electricity to rural areas are formidable: Low population densities result in high capital and operating costs. Consumers are often poor, and their electricity consumption is low. Politicians interfere with the planning and operations of programs, insisting on favored constituents. Yet, as Barnes and his contributors demonstrate, many countries have overcome these obstacles. The Challenge of Rural Electrification provides lessons from successful programs in Bangladesh, Chile, China, Costa Rica, Mexico, the Philippines, Thailand, and Tunisia, as well as Ireland and the United States. These insights are presented in a format that should be accessible to a broad range of policymakers, development professionals, and community advocates. Barnes and his contributors do not provide a single formula for bringing electricity to rural areas. They do not recommend a specific set of institutional arrangements for the participation of public sector companies, cooperatives, and private firms. They argue instead that successful programs follow a flexible, but still well-defined set of principles: a financially viable plan that clearly accounts for any subsidies; a cooperative relationship between electricity providers and local communities; and an operational separation from day-to-day government and politics.
 

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Contents

Chapter 1 The Challenge of Rural Electrification
1
Chapter 2 The Cooperative Experience in Costa Rica
18
Chapter 3 Power and Politics in the Philippines
45
Chapter 4 Rural Poverty and Electricity Challenges in Bangladesh
74
Chapter 5 Public Distribution and Electricity Problem Solving in Rural Thailand
102
Chapter 6 From Central Planning to Decentralized Electricity Distribution in Mexico
132
Chapter 7 Electricity and Multisector Development in Rural Tunisia
163
Chapter 8 Rural Electricity Subsidies and the Private Sector in Chile
198
Chapter 9 National Support for Decentralized Electricity Growth in Rural China
225
Chapter 10 The New Deal for Electricity in the United States 19301950
259
Chapter 11 Electricity for Social Development in Ireland
293
Chapter 12 Meeting the Challenge of Rural Electrification
313
References
329
Index
337
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About the author (2007)

Douglas F. Barnes is a senior energy specialist in the Energy Strategy Management Assistance Program of the Energy and Water Department of the World Bank, and a senior research scientist in the Department of Sociology at the University of Maryland. Also by Douglas F. Barnes, The Urban Household Energy Transition: Social and Environmental Impacts in the Developing World.

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