The Chautauqua Moment: Protestants, Progressives, and the Culture of Modern Liberalism, 1874-1920

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Columbia University Press, Aug 14, 2012 - History - 416 pages
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This book traces the rise and decline of what Theodore Roosevelt once called the "most American thing in America." The Chautauqua movement began in 1874 on the shores of Chautauqua Lake in western New York. More than a college or a summer resort or a religious assembly, it was a composite of all of these—completely derivative yet brilliantly innovative. For five decades, Chautauqua dominated adult education and reached millions with its summer assemblies, reading clubs, and traveling circuits.

Scholars have long struggled to make sense of Chautauqua’s pervasive yet disorganized presence in American life. In this critical study, Andrew Rieser weaves the threads of Chautauqua into a single story and places it at the vital center of fin de siècle cultural and political history. Famous for its commitment to democracy, women's rights, and social justice, Chautauqua was nonetheless blind to issues of class and race. How could something that trumpeted democracy be so undemocratic in practice? The answer, Rieser argues, lies in the historical experience of the white, Protestant middle classes, who struggled to reconcile their parochial interests with radically new ideas about social progress and the state. The Chautauqua Moment brings color to a colorless demographic and spins a fascinating tale of modern liberalism’s ambivalent but enduring cultural legacy.
 

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Contents

Chautauquas Liberal Creed
1
Methodist Camp Meetings and the Rise of Social Christianity
15
Boosters Tourists and the Fantasyscape of Chautauqua
47
Democracy under the Big Tent of Prosperity
86
Webs of Region Race and Nationalism in the Chautauqua Movement
128
Chautauqua and the Institutionalization of MiddleClass Womanhood
161
The Messiness of Popular Educatoin in the 1890s
207
Chautauqua in the Progressive Era
240
Failure Through Success?
286
Independent Chautauqua Assemblies Founded 18741899
295
CLSC Incoming Class Enrollment and Graduates 18741914
299
Abbreviations
301
Notes
303
Bibliography
373
Index
387
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About the author (2012)

Andrew C. Rieser is a past fellow of the Pew Program in religion and American history at Yale University and has taught at several universities in New York and the Midwest.


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