The Chrysanthemum: Its History, Culture, Classification, and Nomenclature

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"The Garden" office, 1884 - Chrysanthemums - 102 pages
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Page 11 - Kioto; it also appears on cloisonne enamels and embroidery. In the History of Nin-toku-ten-wau the following passage occurs : ' In 386, in the seventythird year of his reign, seeds of the Chrysanthemum were first introduced into Japan from a foreign country, both blue, yellow, red, white and violet.
Page 3 - Of all flowers, that which has been said to represent "cheerfulness under adversity" — the Chrysanthemum, or "Golden Flower" of the Greek — may fairly be called the "Queen of Autumn." Six varieties were described by Breynius as being cultivated in Holland two centuries ago. Originally introduced to England from the Celestial Empire in 1754, it seems first to have been cultivated by that celebrated gardener, Miller of Chelsea, but was soon afterward lost by some unfortunate accident.
Page 19 - ... well supported by the stems. 2. The flower should be round, double, high in the crown, perfect in the centre, without disk or confusion, and of the form of half a ball. 3. The individual petals should be thick, smooth, broad, circular at the ends, according with the circle of the flower, the indei.tations where they meet hardly perceptible.
Page 3 - like the Eoses of China, Chrysanthemums soon escaped from the conservatories of the curious, and as rapidly spread themselves over every part of the island, filling the windows of the cottagers and the parterres of the opulent with their autumnal beauties, that now vie with the China Aster in variety of color...
Page 19 - ... and as the plant is showy when there is a scarcity of bloom in a house, they ought always to be shown in pots only, and the merits of the plant be taken into account quite as much as that of the bloom, and as such we shall notice both. 1. The plant should be dwarf, shrubby, well covered with green foliage to the bottom, the leaves broad and bright, the flowers well displayed at the end of each branch, come in abundant quantity, and be well supported by the stems. 2. The flower should be round,...
Page 6 - These were brought over by Mr. Fortune on a second visit to Japan about the year 1859 or 1860. The precise date is uncertain, but at least one variety was figured in the Botanical Magazine as somewhat of a novelty in 1863, so it must be about the time mentioned that they were introduced. The French and Guernsey growers soon got hold of them and improved them immensely.
Page 10 - Gardeners' Magazine of Botany " for 1850 we find many varieties of these French Daisy kinds described, and four sorts are represented in a coloured plate. MODERN JAPANESE VARIETIES. — Both the large-flowered and Pompon varieties were largely grown and much improved up to 1862, when again Mr. Fortune introduced a new strain in the shape of seven varieties from Japan. So singular were these in shape and colour from all reputed standards of perfection at the time, that they barely escaped total neglect,...
Page 5 - ... their rapid progress, and of an • astounding large exhibition of them being held in the society's garden at Chiswick, in which were shown over 700 plants in pots. ORIGIN OF THE POMPONS In 1845 the late Mr. Eobert Fortune, who was se'nt to China in 1842 by the Eoyal Horticultural Society, brought home with him from Chusan (an island on the east coast of China) a semi-double, reddish or light brown, small Chrysanthemum, which was called the Chusan Daisy. The Horticultural Society propagated it,...
Page 10 - In 1838 Mr. Salter settled at Versailles, and, finding the climate suitable, imported many of the best known varieties from England, and set about their further improvement. In 1840 his collection of English, French and Jersey seedlings amounted to between 300 and 400 distinct -kinds. In 1843 seedlings began to be raised in the nursery at Versailles. The first public Chrysanthemum show for cut blooms was held at Stoke Newington in 1845.
Page 6 - Chinese'1, minimum. Although Mr. Fortune admired them in Chusan, they were considered too small and insignificant for English tastes. French opinion of them was far different, for, immediately upon their introduction, in 1847, into the already well-known collection at Versailles the little Chusan daisy became a favourite. From those two varieties have sprung all the pompons now in cultivation, the French growers giving them the name " pompon " from the resemblance of the flower 47 to the tuft or...

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