The Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem
The Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem has suffered many vicissitudes. A Constantinian foundation, it was twice destroyed and rebuilt before the Crusaders took it in hand. Respected by Saladin at his conquest, the church remained much as the Crusaders left it, until in 1808 a fire broke out and spread through the whole building. In 1927 a severe earthquake shook Jerusalem causing widespread damage to the structure, so that for forty years afterwards the southernfašade was supported by steel scaffolding.No one has probably had such a close knowledge of the church, from foundation to roof top, as Father CoŘasnon, who, among others, was instrumental in drawing up the restoration plan agreed upon in 1959 by the various churches owning different parts of the complex of buildings. In his Schweich Lectures delivered at the British Academy in 1972, Father CoŘasnon describes the history of the church in detail, revealing the fresh discoveries which have enabled the site to be planned with anew authority.
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CONSTANTINES BASILICA AND GOLGOTHA
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Aelia Capitolina alignment ancient apse arcades arches archway Arculf arrangement atrium axis baptistry Basilica of Constantine Bishop building Byzantine Cardo Maximus chapel Christian church of Golgotha ciborium cistern Constantine Constantinian Basilica construction Corbo cornice Cross Crusaders crypt of St Damascus Gate deambulatory decorated diameter door doorways east eastern edifice Egeria eleventh century emplacement entrance Eusebius of Caesarea excavations existing exterior facade facade-wall forecourt Forum foundations G fourth century gallery grotto Hadrian Hakim height Helena Holy Sepulchre interior Jerusalem Krautheimer lateral nave lateral vestibules layout Madaba Martyrium Mary masonry masonry-work Mausoleum metres Modestus northern vestibule original Patriarch Pilgrim of Bordeaux plinth porticos probably Reconstruction rediscovered remains Resurrection reused rock of Calvary Roman roof Rotunda second Wall side small apses southern and northern square pillars stone storey texts Tomb tradition transept Trouvelot twelfth century Ummayad upper floor vaulting Wall F western