The Clause Structure of Wolof: Insights Into the Left Periphery
This volume investigates the clausal syntax of Wolof, an understudied Atlantic language of Senegal. The goals of the work are descriptive, analytical, and comparative, with a focus on the structure of the left periphery and left peripheral phenomena. The book includes detailed examination of the morpho?syntax of wh?questions, successive cyclicity, subject marking, relative clauses, topic/focus articulation, and complementizer agreement. Novel data from Wolof is used to evaluate and extend theoretical proposals concerning the structure of the Complementizer Phrase (CP) and Tense Phrase (TP). It is argued that Wolof provides evidence for the promotion analysis of relative clauses, an exploded CP and TP, and for analyses that treat relative clauses as composed of a determiner with a CP complement. It is further argued that Wolof has a set of silent wh?expressions and these are compared to superficially similar constructions in colloquial German, Bavarian, Dutch, and Norwegian. The book also presents a comparison of complementizer agreement across a number of related and unrelated languages. Data from Indo?European (Germanic varieties, French, Irish), Niger?Congo (Atlantic, Bantu, Gur), and Semitic (Arabic) languages put the Wolof phenomena in a larger typological context by showing the range of variation in complementizer agreement systems."
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List of abbreviations
Chapter 1 Introductory remarks on Wolof grammar
Chapter 2 Clause types and clause structure
Chapter 3 The Wolof left periphery
Chapter 4 The structure of relative clauses
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A′-extraction A′-movement agreeing complementizers ainf an-form analysis argue Atlantic languages Ayda Bantu languages bëgg Binta Bintë C-agreement c-command cake child cl-def.prox cl-an xpl-cop cl-i cl-u 1sg cl-u 3pl class agreement clause types clitics complementizer agreement consonant mutation construction cook dibi dóór Dudu embedded clause example foog Germanic góór head noun ideophone interpreted Isaa jënd K-an Kinande l-an languages Lebou left periphery lekk locative morphemes morphology movement na-clause Najdi ndax negative Niger-Congo languages non-subject cleft noun class null wh’s occur overt wh-expressions overt wh’s particle pied pipe position predicate preposition Pulaar Quebec French reconstruction relative clauses relative markers relativized Rizzi shows SpecCP strong pronouns subject cleft subject markers successive cyclic suffix tééré temporal clauses tizer topic Torrence triggers u-form ungrammatical verb vowel wh cl-u wh-expressions wh-movement wh-questions wh-word whli Wolof Wolof relative clauses xale y-i xpl-cop-1sg xpl-cop-3pl yaasa