The Climate of Chicago
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1893 - Chicago (Ill.) - 137 pages
With data compared to 3 other Midwest cities, and some detail on Lake Michigan, 1891 with trends
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Common terms and phrases
accompanied afternoon amount appearance August aurora barometer began blowing buildings caused Chicago Clear Cloudy cold continued Crib damage Date December direction east effect extending Fair fall feet fell fire given gives Grand Haven greatest heard heavy height Highest horizon hour inch increase Indianapolis influence January July June lake land lightning Lowest March April marked maximum Mean Michigan midnight miles Milwaukee minutes Monthly months morning nearly Night noon northeast northwest November Number observed occurred October passed places precipitation present pressure rain rainfall Rainy Range reached records relative humidity reported rising rose season seen Sept September Service shows Signal southeast southwest station storm Storm moved streamers summary TABLE temperature thunder thunderstorm tion velocity warm weather Wharf wind ΙΟ
Page 112 - ... barns, &c., were destroyed. Cattle, sheep, and timber were taken up and whirled through the pipe. Its shape was that of an hour-glass, which, at times, would separate, and its color dark black. Chicago 6th, 5.10 pm, (local time,) was visited by a tornado, accompanied by rain, thunder, and lightning, from southwest to northeast, having a swift rotary motion from right to left, bounding along like a ball ; apparently reached the ground but two or three times; was last seen near the "crib," at which...
Page 75 - It was as follows : CHICAGO, November 8, 1870 — Noon. A high wind all day yesterday at Cheyenne and Omaha. A very high wind reported this morning at Omaha. Barometer falling, with high wind at Chicago and Milwaukee to-day. Barometer rising and thermometer rising at Chicago, Detroit, Toledo, Cleveland, Buffalo, and Rochester. High winds probable along the lakes.
Page 106 - In the northern division it had reached its limits about the same time, having burnt everything that would burn, out as far as Lincoln Park, about four miles from the courthouse. The loss of life was greatest along the path of the first rush of fire ; it came so sudden and unexpected. Only those who died in the streets have been recovered. The very bones of those who were in the buildings would be burned.
Page 10 - INFLUENCE OF THE LAKE. In studying the climate of Chicago, the greatest interest at once centers upon the lake and the influence of its waters upon the temperature, rainfall, winds, clouds, etc. While it is true that the broader features of the climate are dependent upon atmospheric causes and influences taking their rise to the westward and northwestward of the city, yet these are often markedly changed by the Established.
Page 106 - ... force of a hurricane, lifting up on the north side whole burning wooden buildings and pitching them on the tops of others. The wind, blowing in all directions toward the fire, confused some people in their endeavors to escape. This also caused the fire to progress along the tops of the buildings before the wind, and along the bases against the wind. The neat was intense.
Page 106 - ... them, they would all at once burst into a blaze. To talk of fireproof buildings in the midst of such a furnace is absurd. Steel was melted in innumerable cases, and stones and brick were burned to powder. The firemen at first endeavored to check the fire in front. As soon as the fire had gathered in force this was not even to be thought of; not a single drop of water could reach the fire. The wind swept it aloft ; besides, the firemen had to look out.
Page 106 - ... of immense piles of lumber which lay along the river. This was done about 3 am Monday. The efforts of the firemen, lamed for want of water, were ably seconded by gunpowder in the forenoon in the southern division. The same agent had been employed to check the northward progress of the fire, but in vain. Toward noon the further progress of the fire southward was thus checked. In the northern division it had reached its limits about the same time, having burnt everything that would burn, out as...
Page 106 - ... to the wind. The fire ate in behind them, and they had to run. I saw several engines, before the water stopped, doing nothing. At length they saw what they could do, and confined themselves to that. Letting the fire have free scope to the north and east, they endeavored to prevent it from spreading south against the wind. In this they succeeded, cutting it off just as it was preparing to lay hold of immense piles of lumber which lay along the river. This was done about 3 am Monday.
Page 36 - ... years is taken as the first mean, for January 2, as the second, and so on. The mean of successive 5 days has been projected in Fig. 11. The mean for the year is 48.6°, and this comes on April 23 and October 24, that is, during 181 days the temperature is below the mean, and for 184 it is above. The highest temperature occurs 'on July 14, and the lowest January 21, so that for 174 days the temperature is rising and during 191 it is falling. Perhaps the most interesting point in Fig. 11 is the...
Page 112 - At 9. 10 pm the city was visited by a violent tornado, which, though lasting but from two to three minutes, did damage in and about the city estimated at $250,000. The course of the tornado was from southwest to northeast, having a swift rotary motion from right to left, bounding along like a ball in its full force, apparently reaching the ground but two or three times. The last seen of it was on the lake in the vicinity of the "crib," at which place it demolished the fog bell and tower. It was also...