The Company Town: Architecture and Society in the Early Industrial Age
Oxford University Press, Oct 1, 1992 - Architecture - 256 pages
Built by industrialists whose early businesses contributed to the escalation of the Industrial Revolution, company towns flourished in countries that embraced capitalism and open-market trading. In many instances, the company town came to symbolize the wrecking of the environment, especially in places associated with extractive industries such as mining and lumber milling. Some resident industrialists, however, took a genuine interest in the welfare of their work forces, and in a number of instances hired architects to provide a model environment. Overtaken by time, these towns were either abandoned or caught up in suburban growth. The most thorough-going and only international assessment of the company town, this collection of essays by specialists and authorities of each region offers a balanced account of architectural and social history and provides a better understanding of the architectural and urban experiences of the early industrial age.
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American architects architectural Argentina Bernard Maybeck boardinghouses Boston brick bruk built Carolina Chicopee church cité ouvrière coal company towns construction corporate cottages Cotton Mill Cyfarthfa Dover Dowlais Draper early economic employees England factory Figure France furnaces Gilchrist Hampshire History ingenios iron ironworks Jules Saulnier Kiruna labor land landscape later layout living located Lowell lumber mill lumber towns Manufacturing Company Massachusetts Menier Merthyr Tydfil mill owners mill towns mill village mill workers mining model company town Mulhouse Newmarket nineteenth century nitrate Noisiel Noisiel-sur-Marne North northern º º Oficina operation Oregon Paris pattern Penydarren plaza Porjus Potlatch production Pullman railroad River Robertsfors roof rows rural Salmon Falls Saulnier sawmill Scandinavian settlements social South Southern mills Stockholm streets sugar Svappavaara Sweden textile textile industry town planning Tucumán turbine building Umeå urban Valleys Valsetz wages Wales Waltham Westfir William