The Computer Boys Take Over: Computers, Programmers, and the Politics of Technical Expertise
This is a book about the computer revolution of the mid-twentieth century and the people who made it possible. Unlike most histories of computing, it is not a book about machines, inventors, or entrepreneurs. Instead, it tells the story of the vast but largely anonymous legions of computer specialists -- programmers, systems analysts, and other software developers -- who transformed the electronic computer from a scientific curiosity into the defining technology of the modern era. As the systems that they built became increasingly powerful and ubiquitous, these specialists became the focus of a series of critiques of the social and organizational impact of electronic computing. To many of their contemporaries, it seemed the "computer boys" were taking over, not just in the corporate setting, but also in government, politics, and society in general. In The Computer Boys Take Over, Nathan Ensmenger traces the rise to power of the computer expert in modern American society. His rich and nuanced portrayal of the men and women (a surprising number of the "computer boys" were, in fact, female) who built their careers around the novel technology of electronic computing explores issues of power, identity, and expertise that have only become more significant in our increasingly computerized society.In his recasting of the drama of the computer revolution through the eyes of its principle revolutionaries, Ensmenger reminds us that the computerization of modern society was not an inevitable process driven by impersonal technological or economic imperatives, but was rather a creative, contentious, and above all, fundamentally human development.
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Chapter 2 The Black Art of Programming
Chapter 3 Chess Players Music Lovers and Mathematicians
Chapter 4 Tower of Babel
Chapter 5 The Rise of Computer Science
Chapter 6 The Cosa Nostra of the Data Processing Industry
Chapter 7 The Professionalization of Programming
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The Computer Boys Take Over: Computers, Programmers, and the Politics of ...
No preview available - 2012
ACM Press AFIPS agenda algorithm analysis applications approach aptitude tests Archives Aspray automatic programming business data processing CDP program certification Charles Babbage Institute COBOL coders commercial computing computer boys computer industry computer programming computer science computer scientists computer specialists computerization contemporary corporate managers Curriculum Daniel McCracken Data Processing Management Datamation decades Dijkstra discipline DPMA early Edsger Dijkstra educational electronic computer employers ENIAC established Folder FORTRAN grammers hardware hierarchical History of Computing Ibid IEEE Annals increasingly intellectual John Backus Journal labor machine Management Association records managerial manufacturers mathematical ming Minneapolis Mythical Man-Month occupational ofthe organization organizational practices problem Processing Management Association programming languages puter scientific SIGCPR sional skills social society software crisis software development Software Engineering software maintenance solution specific standards suggested technical technicians techniques theoretical tion traditional UNIVAC University of Minnesota users widely workers