The Congested Districts Board of Ireland, 1891-1923: Poverty and Development in the West of Ireland
The Congested Districts Board has been largely misinterpreted and in many respects ignored by revisionist and social historians; this book aims at highlighting its part in alleviating rural poverty in specified districts of the western counties. The study relies heavily on board records, especially the baseline reports, compiled in 1892. By tracing the Board's policies relating to agriculture, fisheries and domestic industry, this book shows that it succeeded in its initial stated aims and that life altered dramatically during its existence. While the issues of rural poverty, the gender division of labour, migration and emigration receive due consideration, the board's relative success is particularly highlighted following the foundation of Saorst├?┬?├?┬ít ├?┬?├?┬?ireann when congested districts or Gaeltacht areas did not receive priority.
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Agriculture under the CDB
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acres Aran Islands areas argues Arklow Arranmore Arthur Balfour Balfour baseline inspectors baseline reports boats cash income cattle cent chief secretary classes Clonmany co-operative congested counties Congested Districts Board Connacht Connemara consumption Cork cost crews cured fish currachs DATI diet distress Donegal Doran Dublin earnings economic eggs emigration expenditure famine Fanad farm farmers female fisheries fishermen Foxford funds Gaeltacht Gahan Galway Gaskell girls Glenties grant Graziers Gweedore holdings household houses IAOS Ibid improvement Inishowen Ireland Irish agricultural John Dillon kelp Kerry Killybegs labour land act Land Commission land purchase landlords Leitrim loans mackerel Mayo Micks migration nineteenth non-congested North Inishowen paid parish committees pigs Plunkett poor potatoes poultry poverty produce RCCI relief rents Rosguill Rosmuck rural schemes Scottish season seaweed shopkeepers smallholders sold Solow South Connemara technical instruction Teelin tenants Tenth annual report tion Tuke turf women