The Constitution Violated: An Essay
Josephine Elizabeth Butler (1828-1906) was a prominent English feminist who was best known for her controversial campaigns concerning the welfare and civil rights of prostitutes. In 1869 she became the leader of the campaign to limit the extension of the Contagious Diseases Acts. These Acts aimed to control the spread of venereal diseases in the armed forces through mandatory internal examinations and imprisonment for women accused of prostitution. Butler's campaign was instrumental in having the Acts repealed in 1886. In this volume of 1871, Butler denounces the Acts for denying accused women their civil rights, and discusses how repeal, together with universal suffrage and constitutional reform, would prevent this situation from recurring. Butler was one of the first feminists to frame her arguments explicitly through female experiences, and this volume illustrates her approach. For more information on this author, see http://orlando.cambridge.org/public/svPeople?person_id=butljo
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action Acts of Parliament Admiralty arbitrary argument army barons Bill Blackstone called certified hospital character Charter ciples clause 28 clause of Magna common condemned consequences Contagious Diseases Acts conviction court-leet criminal danger despotism encroachments England English Constitution evidence evil fact false accusation freedom grave guilty Habeas Corpus Act immoral imprisonment inflicted influence innocent institution jury trial justice justice of peace king law of England lawyers legem terrae legislation Lolme Lord Chatham Lord Hardwicke magistrate Magna Charta means ment minor moral nation nature observed offence Office oppression Parlia passed peace penal penalties periodical medical examination person police policeman political present principles prison prostitute prove punishment question quote reader redress repeal respect says self-government smuggling society spirit Statute summary proceedings tion trial by jury tribunal violated visiting surgeon voluntary submission War Office whole woman woman's honour women words