The Crisis of Russian Democracy: The Dual State, Factionalism and the Medvedev Succession
The view that Russia has taken a decisive shift towards authoritarianism may be premature, but there is no doubt that its democracy is in crisis. In this original and dynamic analysis of the fundamental processes shaping contemporary Russian politics, Richard Sakwa applies a new model based on the concept of Russia as a dual state. Russia's constitutional state is challenged by an administrative regime that subverts the rule of law and genuine electoral competitiveness. This has created a situation of permanent stalemate: the country is unable to move towards genuine pluralist democracy but, equally, its shift towards full-scale authoritarianism is inhibited. Sakwa argues that the dual state could be transcended either by strengthening the democratic state or by the consolidation of the arbitrary power of the administrative system. The future of the country remains open.
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2 Succession struggles and electoral contests
3 Political power and factionalism
4 A genuinely political economy
5 Managed succession
6 War of the Putin succession
7 Duma selection
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administrative regime Andrei appointed argued authoritarian campaign candidate cent Cherkesov clan Communist competition constitutional corruption CPRF crisis December democracy democratic deputy Dmitry dual Duma Duma election economic Ekspert electoral cycle elite ensure Europe-Asia Studies factional conflict federal force foreign formal Gazprom Gleb Pavlovsky head Ibid independent institutions Ivanov Khodorkovsky Kommersant Kremlin LDPR leader leadership liberal managed March Medvedev million modernisation Moscow n.a n.a Nezavisimaya gazeta normative notably Novaya gazeta November October officials oligarchs opposition Orange revolution organisation para-constitutional parliament parliamentary elections party party’s poll popular post-communist Post-Soviet presidency presidential administration prime minister programme public politics Putin Putinite regional remained role Rosneft Rossiya rule Russian politics Sechin September 2007 Sergei Sergei Ivanov siloviki social Soviet St Petersburg struggle succession Surkov term turnout United Russia University Press UR’s Vladimir Vladimir Putin vote Yabloko Yeltsin Yukos affair Zubkov