The Crisis of the 14th Century: Teleconnections between Environmental and Societal Change?

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Martin Bauch, Gerrit Jasper Schenk
Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG, Dec 16, 2019 - Literary Criticism - 305 pages

Pre-modern critical interactions of nature and society can best be studied during the so-called "Crisis of the 14th Century". While historiography has long ignored the environmental framing of historcial processes and scientists have over-emphasized nature's impact on the course of human history, this volume tries to describe the at times complex modes of the late-medieval relationship of man and nature. The idea of 'teleconnection', borrowed from the geosciences, describes the influence of atmospheric circulation patterns often over long distances. It seems that there were 'teleconnections' in society, too. So this volumes aims to examine man-environment interactions mainly in the 14th century from all over Europe and beyond. It integrates contributions from different disciplines on impact, perception and reaction of environmental change and natural extreme events on late Medieval societies. For humanists from all historical disciplines it offers an approach how to integrate written and even scientific evidence on environmental change in established and new fields of historical research. For scientists it demonstrates the contributions scholars from the humanities can provide for discussion on past environmental changes.

 

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Contents

Teleconnections Correlations Causalities between Nature and Society? An Introductory Comment on the Crisis of the Fourteenth Century
1
Responses and Reactions to a Shortterm Crisis in the British Isles
24
The Potential of Late Medieval and Early Modern Narrative Sources from the Area of Modern Switzerland for the Climate History of the Fourteenth ...
43
Shifts in the Beginning of Seasons in Medieval Calendars of Rome and the Nordic Countries
62
Climate and the Crises of the Early Fourteenth Century in Northeastern Europe
80
Indicators Causes and Case Studies
100
The Crisis of 13151322 in Bresse as Depicted in Manorial Rolls
130
The Mongol Yuan Dynasty and the Climate 12601360
153
An Essay on Old Debates and New Scenarios
190
Plague and Desertion A Consequence of Anthropogenic Landscape Change? Archaeological Studies in Southern Germany
221
Narratives of Environmental Events in the Winchester Pipe Rolls and English Historiography of the Early Fourteenth Century
247
The Little Ice Age and the Hungarian Kingdom? Sources and Research Perspectives
263
Thoughts on a Connected Fourteenth Century
280
Index of Places
289
Index of Names
297
Copyright

Climate Variability Carestie and Forms of Adaptation in the First Half of the Fourteenth Century
169

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About the author (2019)

M. Bauch, Leibniz Institute for the History and Culture of Eastern Europe (GWZO), Leipzig; G. J. Schenk, TU Darmstadt, Germany.

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