The Crucible of Carolina: Essays in the Development of Gullah Language and Culture

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Michael Montgomery
University of Georgia Press, 1994 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 239 pages
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The ten essays in The Crucible of Carolina explore the connections between the language and culture of South Carolina's barrier islands, West Africa, the Caribbean, and England. Decades before any formal, scholarly interest in South Carolina barrier island life, outsiders had been commenting on and documenting the "African" qualities of the region's black inhabitants. These qualities have long been manifest in their language, religious practices, music, and material culture. Not surprisingly, the influence of the pioneering linguist Lorenzo Dow Turner is reflected in many of these essays. The work presented in this volume, however, moves beyond Turner in dealing with the discourse and stylistic aspects of Gullah; in relating patterns of Gullah to other anglophone creoles and to various processes of creolization; and in questioning the usefulness of "retention, " "survival, " and "continuity" as operational concepts in comparative research. Opening new and advancing previous areas of research, The Crucible of Carolina also contributes to a further appreciation of the richness and diversity of South Carolina's cultural heritage.
 

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Contents

Gullah and the Caribbean Connection
16
Misinterpreting Linguistic Continuity Charitably
38
Variation in the Use of the Auxiliary Verb
60
Flexibility and Creativity in AfroAmerican English
87
The Language
115
Basket Traditions
133
Lorenzo Dow Turners Early Work on Gullah
158
Recollections of African Language Patterns in an American
175
Bibliography
201
Contributors
221
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Pidgins and Creoles
Loreto Todd
No preview available - 1990
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About the author (1994)

Michael Montgomery is Distinguished Professor Emeritus of English and Linguistics at the University of South Carolina. He has studied, written, and spoken widely on the English of the American South.

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