The Crucible of Carolina: Essays in the Development of Gullah Language and Culture
University of Georgia Press, 1994 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 239 pages
The ten essays in The Crucible of Carolina explore the connections between the language and culture of South Carolina's barrier islands, West Africa, the Caribbean, and England. Decades before any formal, scholarly interest in South Carolina barrier island life, outsiders had been commenting on and documenting the "African" qualities of the region's black inhabitants. These qualities have long been manifest in their language, religious practices, music, and material culture. Not surprisingly, the influence of the pioneering linguist Lorenzo Dow Turner is reflected in many of these essays. The work presented in this volume, however, moves beyond Turner in dealing with the discourse and stylistic aspects of Gullah; in relating patterns of Gullah to other anglophone creoles and to various processes of creolization; and in questioning the usefulness of "retention, " "survival, " and "continuity" as operational concepts in comparative research. Opening new and advancing previous areas of research, The Crucible of Carolina also contributes to a further appreciation of the richness and diversity of South Carolina's cultural heritage.
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acrolect African languages African-American African-derived Afro-American ain't Alleyne American anglophone creoles aspect auxiliary Atlantic creoles auxiliary verb Barbados basilectal basket basketry bearer Bickerton Black English boay Caribbean CECs century Charles Town Charleston Cherokee Coast coiled colonial consonant mutation context copula Creole English creole languages creolization cultural decreolization dialects Diana Brown European examples field records functions Georgia grammatical Gullah speakers Guyanese Creole Hancock inflected influence interpretation Jamaican John Jones-Jackson knaw Krio Kwa languages language varieties lexical lexifier linguistic atlas linguistic continuity Lorenzo Dow Turner Low Country main verb Mande languages marker meaning Mende Mister Bill Mufwene native nickname nonstandard nonstative noun origin patterns personal names phonetic pidgin plantation rice Sea Islands semantic sentences Sierra Leone similar slaves song South Carolina speech splints spoken stative structures syntactic Thoph'lus tion traditional Turner's Gullah variation verb phrase West African words World Yeah