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Europe on the Way to the Crusades
The Expedition by the Peasants
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13th century achieved Acre Aleppo already Antioch Antiquity Arab Arab Islamic aristocracy army of knights Asia Minor battle became Bohemund Bohemund of Taranto Byzan Byzantine Empire Byzantium Caliphate capture castles centres Christian Church confrontation conquerors conquest Constantinople Crusade movement cultural Damascus dominated economic Egypt emerged emperor estates European feudal lords expansion feudal society fighting foot-soldiers fortress fourth Crusade France Frederick Greek groups important influence intellectual Islamic world Italian cities Jerusalem Jews King kingdom of Jerusalem knightly Krak des Chevaliers land large number material mediaeval Mediterranean ment merchants military Moslems mosque Norman empire Northern Orient particular peasants pilgrims Pisa plundering political Pope population possessed principal Principality of Antioch production reform papacy religious rulers ruling class sade sader Saladin second Crusade Seljuks Sicily siege social Southern Italy Spain Sultan Syria territories tion took tower trade Tripoli tury Urban Venetians Venice walls warriors Western Europe whole