The Cybernetics of Kenyan Running: Hurry, Hurry Has No Blessing
There has been speculation, but no definitive answer, as to why many of the world's fastest middle and long distance runners are from Kenya. Most of the fastest runners in Kenya come from only a few of the 42 tribes, and, amazingly, several sub-tribes account for a sizeable portion of those. "The Kenyans," as they are frequently called, are not homogenous, but have tremendous cultural diversity.Peak performance requires unique biological, cultural, and psychological factors. Mayes argues that, at this juncture in history, Kenyans have the necessary components required to excel in professional running. In this book, Mayes breaks down each of these components and analyzes them and their interrelationships with other disciplines. He also includes external factors such as Westernization, globalization, and modernization. Mayes' methodology is unique, as he uses a cybernetic model called an ethnosystem.With many misunderstandings about how Kenyans see and do things, there still remains a great need for education about Kenyan culture. A number of disciplines remain fertile areas for discussion in relation to Kenyan running. Among those are new science, psychological anthropology, belief and knowledge systems, African philosophy, sociobiology, and social Darwinism. Mayes also addresses hurdles to acquiring the necessary knowledge, including taboos, religious fundamentalism, scientific and institutional dogma, and ethnocentrisms.
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Environment and Adaptations
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African Alberto altitude American Aouita Mor Arturo Barrios athletes blood Brahim carbohydrate Cheruiyot cognitive cross country culture Daniel Komen Dieter Baumann Elly Rono ethnic groups exercise factors gene genetic glucose glycogen Haile Gebrselassie Haile Gebrselassie Eth Hicham El Guerrouj increased John Jose Julius Kalenjin Kalenjin-Nandi Kamba Kariuki Kenyan Kenyan runners Kenyan running Khalid Khannouchi Khalid Skah Khalid Skah Mor Kikuyu Kipketer Kipkoech Kisii Koech Ken Kosgei Ken lactate lifestyle Limo Ken Marathon Mekonnen metabolic Mohamed Moses Kiptanui Moses Kiptanui Ken muscle fibers Ngugi Noureddine Morceli Noureddine Morceli Alg Olympic Order Cybernetics oxidative oxygen Patrick Sang Patrick Sang Ken Paul Bitok Paul Bitok Ken Paul KEN Paul Koech Paul Tergat Paul Tergat Ken performance physiological professional runner psychology road races Salah Hissou schemas Simon social Steve Tanui Ken theory track traditional Western William world class runners world record