The Darker Side of Western Modernity: Global Futures, Decolonial Options
During the Renaissance and the Enlightenment, coloniality emerged as a new structure of power as Europeans colonized the Americas and built on the ideas of Western civilization and modernity as the endpoints of historical time and Europe as the center of the world. Walter D. Mignolo argues that coloniality is the darker side of Western modernity, a complex matrix of power that has been created and controlled by Western men and institutions from the Renaissance, when it was driven by Christian theology, through the late twentieth century and the dictates of neoliberalism. This cycle of coloniality is coming to an end. Two main forces are challenging Western leadership in the early twenty-first century. One of these, “dewesternization,” is an irreversible shift to the East in struggles over knowledge, economics, and politics. The second force is “decoloniality.” Mignolo explains that decoloniality requires delinking from the colonial matrix of power underlying Western modernity to imagine and build global futures in which human beings and the natural world are no longer exploited in the relentless quest for wealth accumulation.
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Africa anthropos argument Asia ayllu Aymara Bennabi body-politics of knowledge Bolivia capitalism capitalist Caribbean chapter China Christian coexist colonial and imperial colonial difference colonial matrix communal concept cosmology cosmopolitanism cultural Darker Side decolonial option decolonial thinking delinking democracy dewesternization discourse economy Ecuador emerged enunciation epistemic epistemology Eurocentrism Europe European Evo Morales Fanon Francisco de Vitoria Frantz Fanon freedom geography geopolitics of knowledge global linear thinking human humanitas idea imperial differences Indian indigenous intellectuals Islamic Kant Kant’s Kusch languages Left legacies liberal living logic of coloniality Marxist matrix of power means mestizo Mignolo modern/colonial world modernity/coloniality Muslim nature neo-liberal nomos Pachamama parenthesis perspective philosophy pluriversality postcolonial Quechua question Renaissance rhetoric of modernity Schmitt secular Shari’ati sixteenth century social Spanish Subcomandante Marcos Tawantinsuyu theoretical revolution theory thinkers Third World tion tradition trajectories translated universal Vitoria West Western civilization world order World Social Forum Zapatistas zero point Žižek