The Death of Deliberation: Partisanship and Polarization in the United States Senate

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Lexington Books, Sep 25, 2013 - Political Science - 178 pages
A common observation of the Senate today is that it is paralyzed by gridlock; the Senate is currently composed of ideologically polarized members, and the majority and minority leaders exercise more influence because they lead more cohesive political parties. However, the argument that the Senate and by extension, the Congress, are undermined by rampant obstruction overlooks the fact that the contemporary Senate is still capable of overcoming the differences among its members without descending into an endless debate of ideological partisanship and irreconcilable gridlock. While current treatments of the Senate often seek to explain why gridlock happens, in this book, James Wallner addresses the important question of why gridlock does not happen. His answer is quite simple: The Senate changes the manner in which it makes decisions on a case-by-case basis in order to limit conflict between its members. Yet, the Senate’s ability to produce important legislation in the current environment may undermine the institution’s deliberative function. Wallner puts forth the unique proposition that while the contemporary Senate may indeed be broken, it is not broken in the sense typically acknowledged. Put simply, deliberation has succumbed to the Senate’s bipartisan determination to avoid gridlock and pass important legislation.
 

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Contents

1 Introduction
1
2 A New Theory of Senate DecisionMaking
17
3 Decentralized Patterns of Senate DecisionMaking
35
4 Centralized Patterns of Senate DecisionMaking
53
5 Passing Controversial Legislation in the Senate
79
6 Raising the Federal Debt Ceiling
109
7 The Death of Deliberation?
123
References
137
Index
141
About the Author
147
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About the author (2013)

James Wallner is the executive director of the Senate Steering Committee; prior to this, he served as Legislative Director to two U.S. senators. He is also adjunct professor in the department of politics and the Congressional and Presidential Studies Program at the Catholic University of America.

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