The Diatoms: Applications for the Environmental and Earth Sciences

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E. F. Stoermer, John P. Smol
Cambridge University Press, Jul 19, 2001 - Science - 469 pages
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Diatoms are microscopic algae which are found in virtually every habitat where water is present. This volume is an up-to-date summary of the expanding field of their uses in environmental and earth sciences. Their abundance and wide distribution, and their well-preserved glass-like walls make them ideal tools for a wide range of applications as both fossils and living organisms. Examples of their wide range of applications include environmental indicators, oil exploration, and forensic examination. The major emphasis is on their use in analyzing ecological problems such as climate change, acidification, and eutrophication. The contributors to the volume are leading researchers in their fields and are brought together for the first time to give a timely synopsis of a dynamic and important area. This book should be read by environmental scientists, phycologists, limnologists, ecologists and palaeoecologists, oceanographers, archaeologists and forensic scientists.
 

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Contents

Applications and uses of diatoms prologue
Diatoms as indicators of environmental change in flowing waters and lakes
ii
Assessing environmental conditions in rivers and streams with diatoms
11
Diatoms as indicators of hydrologic and climatic change in saline lakes
41
Diatoms as mediators of biogeochemical silica depletion in the Laurentian Great Lakes
73
Diatoms as indicators of surface water acidity
85
Diatoms as indicators of lake eutrophication
128
Continental diatoms as indicators of longterm environmental change
169
Diatoms and environmental change in brackish waters
298
Applied diatom studies in estuaries and shallow coastal environments
334
Estuarine paleoenvironmental reconstructions using diatoms
352
Diatoms and marine paleoceanography
374
Other applications
387
Diatoms and archeology
389
Diatoms in oil and gas exploration
402
Forensic science and diatoms
413

Diatoms as indicators of water level change in freshwater lakes
183
Diatoms as indicators in extreme environments
203
Diatoms as indicators of environmental change near arctic and alpine treeline
205
Freshwater diatoms as indicators of environmental change in the High Arctic
227
Diatoms as indicators of environmental change in antarctic freshwaters
245
Diatoms of aerial habitats
264
Diatoms as indicators in marine and estuarine environments
275
Diatoms as indicators of coastal paleoenvironments and relative sealevel change
277
Toxic and harmful marine diatoms
419
Diatoms as markers of atmospheric transport
429
Diatomite
436
Conclusions
445
Epilogue a view to the future
447
Glossary and acronyms
451
Index
466
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About the author (2001)

Eugene F. Stoermer is a past-President of the Phycological Society of America and the International Association for Diatom Research. He has worked at the University of Michigan since 1965 where he is Professor in the School of Natural Resources and Environment, studying various aspects of diatom biology and ecology.

John P. Smol co-heads the Paleoecological Environmental Assessment and Research Laboratory (PEARL) at Queen's University, Ontario, where he is Professor in the Department of Biology. He is editor-in-chief of the Journal of Paleolimnology.

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