The Drama of the Commons

Front Cover

The "tragedy of the commons" is a central concept in human ecology and the study of the environment. It has had tremendous value for stimulating research, but it only describes the reality of human-environment interactions in special situations. Research over the past thirty years has helped clarify how human motivations, rules governing access to resources, the structure of social organizations, and the resource systems themselves interact to determine whether or not the many dramas of the commons end happily. In this book, leaders in the field review the evidence from several disciplines and many lines of research and present a state-of-the-art assessment. They summarize lessons learned and identify the major challenges facing any system of governance for resource management. They also highlight the major challenges for the next decade: making knowledge development more systematic; understanding institutions dynamically; considering a broader range of resources (such as global and technological commons); and taking into account the effects of social and historical context. This book will be a valuable and accessible introduction to the field for students and a resource for advanced researchers.

 

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Contents

1 The Drama of the Commons
3
PART I RESOURCE USERS RESOURCE SYSTEMS AND BEHAVIOR IN THE DRAMA OF THE COMMONS
37
2 Common Resources and Institutional Sustainability
41
Heterogeneity and Commons Management in LargeScale Multivariate Research
87
A Review of Experimental Psychological Research
113
A Theoretical Explanation
157
PART II PRIVATIZATION AND ITS LIMITATIONS
193
What Have We Learned?
197
Perspectives from the Bottom Up
293
PART IV EMERGING ISSUES
323
10 Scientific Uncertainty Complex Systems and the Design of CommonPool Institutions
327
Contexts Situations and Events
361
12 An Evolutionary Theory of Commons Management
403
CONCLUSION
443
13 Knowledge and Questions After 15 Years of Research
445
ABOUT THE CONTRIBUTORS
491

Comparing CommunityBased Management to Tradable Environmental Allowances
233
PART III CROSSSCALE LINKAGES AND DYNAMIC INTERACTIONS
259
The Environmental Consequences of CrossScale Interactions
263

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