The Ecozones of the World: The Ecological Divisions of the Geosphere

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Springer Science & Business Media, Jul 20, 2005 - Nature - 252 pages
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Recent studies have greatly contributed to a better understanding of the earth's ecosystem. This abundantly illustrated book provides a fundamental introduction to the ecological zones of the geosphere. Nine terrestrial ecozones have been distinguished and described in individual chapters with respect to: distribution, climate, relief/hydrology, soil vegetation/animal lifeand land use. The first chapter provides the reader with a general introduction to each subject area.

The second edition is a competely revised and updated version. A large number of new Anglo-American ecological studies are included.  The book also includes more than 70 new figures and tables and detailed maps on global agricultural regions and soil classification. Another new feature is the discussion of the correlation between northern ecosystems and the carbon dioxide balance in the global atmosphere.

 

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Contents

Distribution
7
Climate
11
22 The growing season and conditions for plant growth
14
Relief and drainage
17
Soils
21
42 Soil water budget
23
43 Soil units and soil zones
26
Vegetation and animals
35
1062 Extensive pasture economy
136
Synoptic diagram for steppes
138
Subtropics with winter rain
141
112 Climate
142
113 Relief and drainage
143
115 Vegetation and animals
144
1152 Adaptation to summer drought
146
1153 Animals
148

52 Ecosystem model of ecozone
38
53 Available supply of organic matter in the ecosystem
40
542 Primary production from plant stands
42
543 Production capacity of the worlds plant cover
43
55 Consumption by animals and secondary production
48
56 Waste and decomposition
49
57 Turnover of minerals
51
Land use
55
The individual ecozones
61
Polar subpolar zone
63
72 Climate
64
722 Annual temperature changes in the soil and air layer next to the soil
65
723 Summer solar radiation and heat budget
67
73 Relief and drainage in periglacial areas
68
74 Soils
72
75 Vegetation and fauna in the tundra and polar deserts
73
751 Distribution of vegetation
74
752 Biomass and primary production
75
753 Animals and animal feed
76
754 Decomposition and turnover of minerals
77
755 Model of a tundra ecosystem
78
76 Land use
80
Synoptic diagram for the tundra
81
Boreal zone
83
82 Climate
84
83 Relief and drainage
87
84 Soils
89
85 Vegetation and animals
91
852 Peat bogs
92
853 Forest tundra polar and forest tree lines
93
854 Biomass and primary production
94
856 Boreal coniferous forest ecosystems
98
Synoptic diagram for the Boreal zone
100
Temperate midlatitudes
103
93 Relief and drainage
105
94 Soils
107
95 Vegetation and animals
108
951 Seasonally in deciduous forests
109
952 Water budget in forests
111
953 Biomass and primary production growth and litter production
112
954 Mineral budget in midlatitude deciduous broadleaf and boreal coniferous forests
113
955 Model of an ecosystem of a deciduous forest
118
Synoptic diagram for the Temperate midlatitudes
121
Dry midlatitudes
123
102 Climate
124
103 Relief and drainage
125
1042 Halomorphic soils
128
1051 Types of steppes
129
1052 Lifeform and adaptation to winter cold and summer drought
130
1054 Biomass primary production and decomposition
131
1055 Available supply and turnover of minerals
134
1155 Biomass and primary production
150
116 Land Use
152
Synoptic diagram for the Subtropics with winter rain
154
Subtropics with yearround rain
157
122 Climate
158
123 Relief and drainage
159
124 Soils
160
125 Vegetation
161
1252 Available supply and turnover in a semievergreen oak forest in the southeastern United States
162
126 Land use
165
Synoptic diagram for the Subtropics with yearround rain
166
Dry tropics and subtropics
169
132 Climate
170
133 Relief and drainage
172
1333 Stream erosion and wash denudation
173
134 Soils
174
135 Vegetation and animals
175
1351 Vegetation and soil water budget
176
1352 Adaptation to drought and stress
180
1353 Animals in the desert
183
1354 Biomass and primary production
184
136 Land use
185
1362 Oasis agriculture
187
Synoptic diagram for tropical thorn savannas and subtropical thorn steppes in the semiarid Dry tropics and subtropics
189
Tropics with summer rain
193
142 Climate
194
143 Relief and drainage
195
144 Soils
198
1442 Soil types
200
145 Vegetation and animals
202
1452 Animals
203
1453 Savanna fires
204
1455 Zoomass and animal feed
206
1456 Decomposition of litter
208
1457 Mineral supplies and turnovers
209
146 Land use
210
Synoptic diagram for the Tropics with summer rain
213
Tropics with yearround rain
215
152 Climate
216
153 Relief and drainage
217
154 Soils
218
155 Vegetation and animals
221
1552 Dynamics of the vegetation
224
1554 Biomass and primary production
225
1555 Animal feed
226
1557 Mineral supplies and turnovers
227
1558 Rainforest ecosystem
229
156 Land use
230
Synoptic diagram for the Tropics with yearround rain
235
References
237
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Popular passages

Page 243 - Biological Production in a Warm-Temperate Evergreen Oak Forest of Japan. JIBP Synthesis, vol. 18.
Page 239 - Cole, DW; Rapp, M. (1981) Elemental cycling in forest ecosystems. In: Reichle, DE, ed. Dynamic properties of forest ecosystems.
Page 239 - Svoboda, eds, 1992. Arctic Ecosystems in a Changing Climate: An Ecophysiological Perspective. Academic Press, San Diego, CA.
Page 243 - Climate warming and the carbon cycle in the permafrost zone of the former Soviet Union, Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 4, pp.
Page 244 - Ludwig, J., Tongway, D., Freudenberger, D., Noble, J. and Hodgkinson, K. (1997). Landscape ecology, function and management: principles from Australia's rangelands. CSIRO Publishing, Canberra.
Page 241 - Hegarty, EE 1991. Leaf litter production by lianes and trees in a subtropical Australian rain forest.
Page 246 - Nadelhoffer, KJ, Giblin, AE, Shaver, GR, and Linkins, AE (1992). Microbial processes and plant nutrient availability in arctic soils. In "Arctic Ecosystems in a Changing Climate, an Ecophysiological Perspective.
Page 246 - WT (1991): Atmospheric deposition and foliar leaching in a regenerating southern Appalachian forest canopy.
Page 237 - AOKI, M., YABUKI, K. & KOYAMA, H. 1975. Micrometeorology and assessment of primary production of a tropical rain forest in West Malaysia.
Page 238 - Boose, ER, Foster, DR, Fluet, M., 1994. Hurricane impacts to tropical and temperate forest landscapes. Ecol. Monogr. 64, 369400.

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About the author (2005)

Jurgen Schultz is professor of physical geography at the Technical University (Rheinisch-Westfalische Hochschule, RWTH) in Aachen.

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