The Education-Drug Use Connection: How Successes and Failures in School Relate to Adolescent Smoking, Drinking, Drug Use, and Delinquency

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Psychology Press, Oct 2, 2012 - Education - 456 pages
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Does success in school protect teenagers from drug use? Does drug use impair scholastic success? This book tackles a key issue in adolescent development and health - the education-drug use connection. The authors examine the links and likely causal connections between educational experiences, delinquent behavior, and adolescent use of tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine.

The book uses data from the University of Michigan's Monitoring the Future project. It focuses on a large and nationally representative sample of 8th grade students in the United States who were initially surveyed in 1991-1993 and then followed over the vitally important developmental period between ages 14 and 22. The volume uses a variety of statistical analysis techniques, and the findings can be understood by individuals with limited, as well as with extensive, backgrounds in research design. The findings convincingly demonstrate that if young people can be successful in school, it can improve a broad range of outcomes in their lives, not the least of which is their ability to resist pressures to use drugs. The book provides: a summary of the findings and conclusions; a review of relevant literature; a detailed discussion of the survey and analysis methods; the academic attainment of those in the longitudinal panel; the delinquent behaviors of panel members as they relate to measures of educational success; and the patterns of initiation, continuation, and cessation for each substance: cigarettes, marijuana, cocaine, and alcohol.

This book is intended for anyone who deals with education and/or substance use, including educational, developmental, and social psychologists; sociologists; epidemiologists; educators; and policy makers. The analysis of panel survey data, using a variety of techniques, will also appeal to survey methodologists and students.


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Chapter 1 Introduction and Overview
Conceptual and Empirical Overview of Issues
Chapter 3 Survey Methods and Analysis Strategies
Causes and Correlates
Chapter 5 Delinquency and Other Problem Behaviors Linked With Educational Success and Failure
Chapter 6 How Smoking Is Linked With Educational Success and Failure
Chapter 7 How Marijuana Use Is Linked With Educational Success and Failure
Chapter 8 How Cocaine Use Is Linked With Educational Success and Failure
Chapter 9 How Alcohol Use Is Linked With Educational Success and Failure
Chapter 10 Summary Conclusions and Implications
Appendix Tables and Figures
Author Index
Subject Index

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About the author (2012)

Jerald G. Bachman, Patrick M. O'Malley, John E. Schulenberg, and Lloyd D. Johnston are research professors at the University of Michigan's Institute for Social Research and are the lead investigators on the Monitoring the Future project. Schulenberg is also a professor of psychology at the University of Michigan. Peter Freedman-Doan is a research associate at the Institute. Emily E. Messersmith is a candidate in the combined doctoral program in education and psychology at the University of Michigan, and a research assistant at the Institute. Bachman, Johnston, and O'Malley, all social psychologists, have collaborated for a period of nearly four decades, directing the MTF project for more than three decades. Their publications include hundreds of journal articles, chapters, and reports. Their books include five volumes in the Youth in Transition series (based on an earlier longitudinal study--also widely cited), two books based on MTF panel analyses (published by Erlbaum in 1997 and 2002), and a long-standing series of reports of national survey results on drug use (published by the National Institute on Drug Abuse). Bachman, Johnston, and O'Malley are listed in the Institute for Scientific Information's Highly Cited Authors, meaning that they are in the top one half of one percent of cited authors, based on journal citations during 1980-1999. Schulenberg, a developmental psychologist, has been a collaborator on the MTF project since 1991 and is the author of numerous articles, chapters, and reports, as well as the senior editor of "Health Risks and Developmental Transitions During Adolescence" (Cambridge, 1997).

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