The Effects of Exchange Rates and Commercial Policy on Agricultural Incentives in Colombia, 1953-1978

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Intl Food Policy Res Inst, 1981 - Social Science - 88 pages
 

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Page 39 - El crecimiento de las exportaciones menores y el sistema de fomento de las exportaciones en Colombia", Revista del Banco de la República.
Page 58 - Food and Live Animals Beverages and Tobacco Crude Materials (excluding Fuels) Mineral Fuels...
Page 14 - Development," in International Economic Policy: Theory and Evidence, ed. Rudiger Dornbusch and Jacob A. Frenkel (Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1979). On Colombian policy see Luis Jorge Garay S., "La politica de importaciones, 1978-82: Una evaluacion" (Bogota, June 1982, processed) 2 . Imports fall under free registration or prior import licensing.
Page 12 - The New Macroeconomics of Agriculture," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, vol.
Page 19 - E is the nominal exchange rate (number of units of domestic currency per unit of foreign currency) and s and t represent export subsidies and import tariffs respectively, then, P x =EPj(1+s».
Page 14 - Es importante la Seguridad del Suministro de Alimentos en Colombia".
Page 15 - W. Max Corden. Trade Policy and Economic Welfare. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1974. A careful survey of economic arguments for and against protection. Harry Flam. "Product Markets and 1992: Full Integration, Large Gains?
Page 40 - In determining the exchange rate for imports, all taxes and other surcharges on imports that implicitly raise the cost of importing should be included and import subsidies and other measures that reduce the cost of importing should be deducted. The exchange rate for exports should be net of taxes and include all subsidies, direct or indirect, that in one way or another can raise the price received by exporters. While the ratio between the two rates measures bias, it tells nothing about the incidence...
Page 23 - Equation (7) states that general equilibrium is reestablished through changes in the prices of importables and exportables relative to the prices of home goods and also...
Page 43 - Carlos Caballero, Situacion y perspectivas de la economia colombiana en relacion con el proceso de integracion andina, FEDESARROLLO, Bogota, 1974.

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