The Effects of the Principal Arts, Trades, and Professions, and of Civic States and Habits of Living, on Health and Longevity: With a Particular Reference to the Trades and Manufacturers of Leeds, and Suggestions for the Removal of Many of the Agents, which Produce Diseases, and Shorten the Duration of Life. From the London Ed., with Improvements
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abdominal acid advert affected agents apoplexy appear appetite artizans asthma atmosphere baneful body bowels bronchial bronchitis carbonic acid catarrh cause cephalic disorder chest chiefly chronic cloth cold colic complain confined congestion consequently considerable cough cubic inches degree difficulty of breathing digestive organs diminished disease disorders drink dust employ employments evils examined excess excitement exertion exhalations expectoration exposed fatal fever frequently fumes habits heat hygrometer impaired individuals inflammation inhalation injurious intemperance irritation labour Leeds less liquor live lungs makers maladies manufacture masters meals membrane ment Merat mill miners morning muscles nervous night observations occasionally occupations odour open air operatives pain Patissier persons phthisis Pickering Lythe pleurisy posture produce pulmonary consumption Ramazzini rarely reduced reference remark respiration result rheumatism robust rooms scarcely sedentary skin sometimes stethoscope stomach suffer tailors temperature tion towns vapour ventilation viscera weavers workmen
Page 172 - and that into one belly, should enter the vintage of many nations, the spoils of distant provinces, and the shell-fishes of several seas." Gastronomy is now more refined, but not less pernicious. As large a quantity of food is provided, but this is divided into a greater number of dishes and of compounds. Stimulants are
Page 190 - a man of immense reading, fell into both these errors. " About every three hours," says Aubrey, " his man went to bring him a roll and a pot of ale, to refocillate his wasted spirits ; so he studied and drank and munched some bread, and this maintained him till night.
Page 82 - The diminution of the intervals of work, has been a gradual encroachment. Formerly an hour was allowed for dinner; but one great manufacturer, pressed by his engagements, wished his work-people to return five minutes sooner. This abridgement was promptly adopted at other mills. Five minutes led to ten. It was found also that breakfast
Page 190 - would many times exceed in drink; canarie was his beloved liquor; then he would tumble home to bed, and when he had thoroughly perspired, then to study.
Page 26 - the expression of countenance, the complexion, and the gait, that the functions of the stomach and the heart are greatly impaired, even in those who consider themselves well. We see no plump and rosy tailors; none of fine form and strong muscle.* The sensibility of the right fore-finger is sometimes greatly reduced, and sometimes the right brachial nerves have their
Page 82 - was thus saved; more work was done; and the manufactured article consequently could be offered at a less price. If one house offered it at a lower rate, all other houses, to compete in the market, were obliged to use similar means. Thus, what was at first partial and temporary, has become
Page 164 - ;—unnatural, because it is partial, irregular, and excessive. Our muscles waste for want of action : our nervous system is worn out by excess of action. Vital energy is drawn from the operations for which nature designed it, and devoted to operations which nature never contemplated. If we cannot adopt the doctrine of a foreign philosopher,
Page 71 - are generally unhealthy. They are subject to indigestion, morning vomiting, chronic inflammation of the bronchial membrane, inflammation of the lungs, and pulmonary consumption. The dust, largely inhaled in respiration, irritates the air-tube, produces at length organic disease of its membrane, or of the lungs themselves, and often excites the development of tubercles in constitutions predisposed to consumption.*
Page 12 - high living, (for I speak not at present of excess or intemperance)—does not high living produce that plethoric state which gradually leads to disease ? I believe the latter. Congestion of blood, affecting chiefly the vessels of the abdomen and head, shortens the lives of numbers who are plump, rosy, and apparently strong.* The preventive is obvious.
Page 89 - the reason they assign is, that the latter is full of vertical and other fissures, which allow the superincumbent beds of water to percolate through the roof of the mine; whilst the sandstone strata, which are impervious to water, preserve the mine quite dry: consequently, the minute particles of rock