The Emergence of Christian Theology
There are special times of movement in the history of ideas, and one such time - as the author of this study shows - was the second half of the second century, when Christian thought showed fresh vigour. By concentrating on five seminal Christian thinkers of the second century (Justin, Athenegoras, Irenaeus, Clement of Alexandria, and Tertullian), Eric Osborn illustrates how it was that Christianity made monotheism axiomatic to its central doctrinal claims while adapting, too, to the peculiar circumstances in which it developed. The stimulus for new thought came from the objections of the state, philosophers, Jews, Gnostics, and Marcion, who in different ways denied the Christian claim to faith in one God. In response, Christian thinkers argued for one God who was the first principle of being, goodness, and truth. In its presentation of the lively beginning which brought Christianity and classical thought together, this book casts light on the growth of the European intellectual tradition.
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questions and opposition
2 The One and the Mind
3 The Bible as the material of theology
4 One God as cause and father
5 The unity of all things in Christ
by the son and spirit
7 One good
apol apostles argument Aristotle Athenagoras beginning believe Bible Cels Celsus Christ Christian theology christology church claim Clement Clement of Alexandria command concept concerned conﬁrmed creation creator cruciﬁed declared deﬁnition dial dialectic disciples divine doctrine early Christian eternal ethics faith father ﬁnal ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁrst cause ﬁrst-principle ﬂesh fulﬁlled fulﬁlment glory Gnostics God’s gods gospel Greek haer heaven heresy heretics holy spirit human Ibid ideas identiﬁed incarnation inﬁnite inﬂuence Irenaeus Jesus Jewish Jews John Judaism justiﬁed Justin knowledge logic Logos lord man’s Marc Marcion martyr Matt Middle Platonism monotheism Mosaic Law Moses mystery negative theology paed pagan Parmenides Paul Paul’s perfection Philo philosophy Plato Plotinus plurality praescr Prax problem prophets prot reason recapitulation rejected resurrection righteousness sacriﬁce salvation scripture second century soul speaks Stoic Stoicism Tertullian Testament things thought transcendent trinity true truth unity universal wisdom word Xenocrates