The Endurance of National Constitutions
Cambridge University Press, Oct 19, 2009 - Law - 260 pages
Constitutions are supposed to provide an enduring structure for politics. Yet only half live more than nineteen years. Why is it that some constitutions endure while others do not? In The Endurance of National Constitutions, Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg, and James Melton examine the causes of constitutional endurance from an institutional perspective. Supported by an original set of cross-national historical data, theirs is the first comprehensive study of constitutional mortality. They show that whereas constitutions are imperiled by social and political crises, certain aspects of a constitution's design can lower the risk of death substantially. Thus, to the extent that endurance is desirable - a question that the authors also subject to scrutiny - the decisions of founders take on added importance.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Other editions - View all
adopted amendment rate American analysis authoritarian beneﬁts Binary variable coded Chapter China conﬂict consti constitution provide constitutional amendment constitutional bargain constitutional change constitutional design constitutional endurance constitutional order constitutional politics constitutional replacement constitutional review constitutional text constitutionalism countries country’s coup courts crises crisis deﬁne deﬁnition democracy democratic detail difﬁcult document Dominican Republic drafting economic effects election enforcement example executive expect extra-constitutional facilitate factors ﬁnd ﬁnding ﬁrst ﬁt ﬂexibility formal French Constitution Ginsburg Haiti hazard rate inclusion increase India Indian Constitution instability institutions Jeanne Calment Jefferson judicial review legislature Madison measure mortality norms ofconstitutional ofthe constitution Pakistan parties percent period president reﬂect reform regime change renegotiation risk role rules scope signiﬁcant speciﬁcity stability stitutional suboptimal sufﬁcient suggests survival Taiwan term limits Thailand theory tion tional transition tution U.S. Constitution United University Press unwritten written constitutions