The Environmental Case

Front Cover

Answers to environmental issues are not black and white. Debates around policy are often among those with fundamentally different values, and the way that problems and solutions are defined plays a central role in shaping how those values are translated into policy. The Environmental Case captures the real-world complexity of creating environmental policy, and this much-anticipated Fourth Edition contains fifteen carefully constructed cases. Through her analysis, Editor Judith Layzer systematically explores the background, players, contributing factors, and outcomes of each case, and gives readers insight into some of the most interesting and controversial issues in U.S. environmental policymaking.

 

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Contents

DEFINING PROBLEMS AND PORTRAYING SOLUTIONS IN US ENVIRONMENTAL POLITICS
1
THE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY AND THE CLEAN AIR AND CLEAN WATER ACTS
31
HAZARDOUS WASTE AND THE POLITICS OF FEAR
63
CHAPTER 4 ECOSYSTEMBASED MANAGEMENT IN THE CHESAPEAKE BAY
92
ACID RAIN AND THE CLEAN AIR ACT AMENDMENTS OF 1990
133
CHAPTER 6 OIL VERSUS WILDERNESS IN THE ARCTIC NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE
169
SOME THINGS NEVER CHANGE
202
SAVING THE NORTHERN SPOTTED OWL
239
THE HIGH COST OF OFFSHORE OIL
340
THE CHALLENGES OF INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICYMAKING
380
IF NOT HERE WHERE? IF NOT NOW WHEN?
421
LOCAL AND STATE RESPONSES TO UNCONVENTIONAL SHALE GAS DEVELOPMENT
463
URBAN SPRAWL AND THE EVOLVING SYSTEM OF GROWTH MANAGEMENT IN PORTLAND OREGON
499
DISASTER RESTORATION AND RESILIENCE
529
POLITICS VALUES AND ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY CHANGE
572
INDEX
583

CHAPTER 9 PLAYGROUND OR PARADISE? SNOWMOBILES IN YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK
276
CHAPTER 10 CRISIS AND RECOVERY IN THE NEW ENGLAND FISHERIES
309

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About the author (2016)

Judith A. Layzer was professor of environmental policy in the Department of Urban Studies and Planning at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) until her death in 2015. She earned a Ph.D. in political science at MIT. After four years at Middlebury College in Vermont she returned to MIT, where she taught courses in science and politics in environmental policymaking, ecosystem-based management, food systems and the environment, urban sustainability, energy and environmental politics, and public policy.

Layzer’s research focused on several aspects of U.S. environmental politics, including the roles of science, values, and storytelling in environmental politics, as well as on the effectiveness of different approaches to environmental planning and management. A recent project asked: Do urban sustainability initiatives significantly reduce cities’ ecological footprints? And which aspects of “green cities” are most effective at reducing cities’ environmental impacts? In addition to The Environmental Case, Layzer was the author of Natural Experiments: Ecosystem-Based Management and the Environment (2008) and Open for Business: Conservatives’ Opposition to Environmental Regulation (2012).

Layzer was an athlete as well as a scholar. In addition to having finished five Boston marathons, she shared nine national championship titles and one world championship trophy with her teammates on Lady Godiva, formerly Boston’s premier women’s Ultimate Frisbee team.

Judith A. Layzer

1961–2015


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