The Epidemiology of Childhood Disorders
Ivan Barry Pless
Oxford University Press, 1994 - Medical - 531 pages
This book gathers the research efforts of the last quarter century in pediatric epidemiology under a single cover for the first time. It draws on the experience of an international group of pediatric epidemiologists, all of whom are world authorities in their fields. In a consistent format they discuss biological considerations, patterns of occurrence, risk factors, and the impact of interventions for each type of disorder. The disorders reviewed include not only the old morbidity of childhood such as infections, birth defects, asthma, and cerebral palsy, but also the new morbidity: emotional problems, intentional and non-intentional injuries, and suicide. These reviews are grouped in five parts: perinatal disorders, infectious disorders, mental and behavioral disorders, injuries and violence, and chronic disorders. This book is aimed at a wide audience: pediatricians, epidemiologists, nurses, physical and occupational therapists, health administrators, and those in maternal and child health care. One reason it succeeds is that the contributors have the personal expertise and background to enable them to cross the disciplinary lines between pediatrics and epidemiology.
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Concepts Terms and Methods
The Special Role of Longitudinal Studies
Low Birthweight and Prematurity
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abnormalities Acad Child adolescents adult anencephaly areas associated asthma behavior birth asphyxia birth cohort birth prevalence bronchitis case-control cause cerebral palsy childhood cancer chromosomal chronic clinical Conduct disorder congenital death defects developing countries diagnosis diarrhea disease disorders early effects epidemiologic studies epidemiology estimated etiology exposure fetal follow-up gene genetic gestational higher hospital identified immunization incidence increased risk infants injuries intervention Lancet leukemia levels longitudinal study low birthweight lower respiratory malformations maternal measles mental retardation morbidity mortality mumps mutations neonatal neural tube defects NTDs occur outcome parents Pediatrics perinatal pertussis phenylketonuria pneumonia population pregnancy prenatal preterm prevention problems proportion Psychiatry rates recent relationship reported respiratory illness respiratory infections respiratory tract risk factors rotavirus rubella Rutter sample screening severe smoking social specific spina bifida statistics stillbirths suggest suicide symptoms syndrome tumors United vaccine variations varicella virus wheeze