The Ethiopian Red Terror Trials: Transitional Justice Challenged
Kjetil Tronvoll, Charles Schaefer, Girmachew Alemu Aneme
James Currey, 2009 - Literary Collections - 158 pages
How was an autocratic emperor replaced by a totalitarian dictator? An unexpected popular upsurge in February 1974 made the ancien regime of Emperor Haile Selassie buckle. The Derg, a group of army officers led by an obscure and ruthless major Mengistu Hailemariam, seized power by military coup in September 1974 and removed the Emperor. What was the 'red terror'? The callous executions of members of the old regime initiated a cult of violence. The Derg were united by the shedding of blood. Search and destroy campaigns against militants led on to the full-blown 'red terror' in which thousands of the regime's opponents were brutally murdered in the streets. In what way was 'transitional justice' administered? The main officials were found guilty of genocide and crimes against humanity by the Ethiopian Federal High Court and sentenced to life imprisonment. Some of the minor officials had already been sentenced to death, whilst President Mugabe has given Mengistu Hailemariam sanctuary in Zimbabwe. KJETIL TRONVOLL is Professor in Human Rights, Peace and Conflict Studies at the Norwegian Centre for Human Rights, University of Oslo; CHARLES SCHAEFER is Associate Professor of African History, Valparaiso University; GIRMACHEW ALEMU ANEME is a Research Fellow at the Norwegian Centre for Human Rights, University of Oslo.
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The History of HI Contexts
The Red Terror Trials H versus Traditions
Building State Nation Justice Reconciliation
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1957 Penal Code 2004 Criminal Code abuses accused Addis Ababa Amharic Amnesty International apartheid appeal argued Article 281 Assembly resolution atrocities Battle of Adwa charges civil society Colonel Mengistu Hailemariam committed context culture death penalty defendants democracy Derg officials Derg regime detained detention Emperor EPRDF EPRP established ethnic executive FDRE Constitution Federal Democratic Republic Federal High Court Federal Supreme Court forgiveness genocide Girmachew Alemu Aneme Haile Selassie human rights violations imprisonment independence institution international law investigation issue judges judicial judiciary killed Kjetil Tronvoll lawyers legitimacy mandate Meles Zenawi Menilek military Minister Meles Zenawi past perpetrators PM Meles political groups Prime Minister Meles Proclamation prosecution protection punishment Red Terror trials respondents restorative justice retributive justice revolution revolutionary rule of law sentence South Africa Special Prosecutor SPO's Tigray tion TPLF transitional justice truth commissions verdict victims violation of Articles