The Fašade Reliefs of Orvieto Cathedral
This book presents in word and image the facade of Orvieto Cathedral, the reliefs of which are considered to be among the most beautiful andpowerful of the Trecento. The town of Orvieto, located half-way between Rome and Florence, played an important and strategic role in the political struggles in Italy during the latter part of the thirteenth century. Frequently the place of residence for popes and their Angevins allies, it became the seat of the Curia under Pope Nicholas IV, which brought wealth and economic growth to the community. Moreover, it enabled earlier plans for a new cathedral, initiated around 1285, to be finally realised. It was Pope Nicholas himself who laid the foundation stone of the new Duomo in 1290, and although building activity continued until well into the seventeenth century, most of the main portion of the building was complete by 1308, creating a dazzling and unique Gothic structure. The facade of the Cathedral in particular, is a masterpiece of design and relief sculpture. Its rich decorative carving is of outstanding quality and the innovative, compelling iconographic programme spreads across all four piers of the lower facade. The corpus of photographs by David Finn, taken specially for this publication, shows the skill and narrative details of this vituoso display of relief carving, while the text by Anita Fiderer Moskowitz, Professor of Art History at the State University ofNew York, Stony Brook, explains the building in the context of related Italian Gothic architecture, and discusses the problems and controversies regarding the designand ornamentation of the facade as well as the puzzling questionas to its artistic attribution. The author also interprets the basic iconography of the sculptures andprovides full descriptions for the detail images. 200 pages, 180 illustrations, Bibliography
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The Facade Reliefs
Notes to the Text
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Abel acanthus acanthus leaves Adam alludes angels Anita Fiderer Moskowitz Annunciation appears architectural Arnolfo Balaam Baptistery behold building Cain carved central portal central vine century church David Detail of Pl devil Duccio Duomo di Orvieto episode facade facade design FACADE IN CONTEXT facade of Orvieto facade of Siena facciata del Duomo finish fleece Florence Cathedral Florentine four piers gables Genesis Giovanni Pisano hand iconography interior Isaiah Italian Jesus Last Judgement Lord Lorenzo Maitani lower Lucio Riccetti Luke lunette Madonna and Child marble Mary master Matthew medieval mosaic motifs narratives Nicola Old Testament Orvietan Orvieto Cathedral Orvieto facade pier illustrates pilasters Pisa Pisa Cathedral Pisano pulpits Pope prophesies prophets relief represented rose window roundel Santa Maria scenes scrolls second pier seen Siena and Florence Siena Cathedral Sienese slabs surfaces symbolic Taylor thee third pier third register thou Trecento Tree of Jesse upper Virgin