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agricultural ALFRED NUTT alike ancient Arthur Arthurian romance bodies of romantic causes Celt CELTIC DOCTRINE Celtic evidence Celtic mythology centuries champions characteristics Christianity conception connection Crofton Croker Cuchulinn Dagda developed Dionysus DOCTRINE OF REBIRTH earliest forms England essay Europe fairy belief fairy clan fairy creed fairy lore fairy world fairydom fairyland fantastic flock and herd Folklore genius Ghost World Greek heroic legend heroic saga historical Huon of Bordeaux imaginative literature incident Ireland Irish fairies Irish mythic literature Irish mythology Irish peasant king litera literary living mankind mediaeval fairy MEDIAEVAL ROMANCE Midsummer Night's Dream mortal hero myths narrative nature oldest peasant belief popular pre-Christian world princess psychological Puck of peasant race realm reprinted rites ritual Robin Goodfellow romantic fiction sacrifice Shakespeare ſº sons of Mil stories Teutonic TILBURY AND GERALD tion tradition Tuatha de Danann ultimate origin unfading vols Voyage of Bran Welsh wholly wizard worship
Page 38 - Shakespeare's Puck and his Folklore illustrated from the superstitions of all nations, but more especially from the earliest religion and rites of Northern Europe and the Wends, 3 vols., 1852, by Mr.
Page 31 - ... his love unto her. At last this mayde was with childe, and being asked who was the father of it, she answered a man that nightly came to visit her, but earely in the morning he would go his way, whither she knew not, he went so suddainly. Many old women, that then had more wit than those that are now living and have lesse, sayd that a fayry had gotten her with childe; and they bid her be of good comfort, for the childe must needes be fortunate that had so noble a father as a fayry was, and should...
Page 10 - Shakespeare in our mind, should call the " fairylike " touch ; they are rude and coarse and earthy. And, not implicitly but explicitly, a conception of the true nature of these peasant deities found expression in Shakespeare's own days. At the very time the Midsummer Night's Dream was being composed or played, Nash wrote as follows : " The Robin-good-fellows, elfs, fairies, hobgoblins of our latter age, which idolatrous former days and the fantastical world of Greece ycleped Fauns, Satyrs, Dryads,...
Page 12 - What lias hitherto been overlooked, or all too insufficiently noted, is the standing association of the fairy world of mediaeval romantic literature with Arthur. Chaucer, in a passage to which I have already alluded, proclaims this unhesitatingly : — " In the olde daies of the King Arthoure, Of which that Bretons speken grete honoure, Al was this land fulfild of fayerye ; The elf-queen with hyr jolly companye Danced ful oft in many a greene mede.
Page 22 - To him without glory They would kill their piteous, wretched offspring With much wailing and peril, To pour their blood around Cromm Cruaich. " Milk and corn They would ask from him speedily ^ In return for one-third of their healthy issue: J Great was the horror and the scare of him.
Page 32 - And for to vex both foole and knave, Thou hast the power to change thy shape, To horse, to hog, to dog, to ape.
Page 18 - The part they play in these sagas may be more or less prominent, but its character is always secondary; they exist in the story for the convenience of the mortal hero or heroine, to aid in the accomplishment of the humanly impossible, to act as a foil to mortal valour or beauty, to bestow upon mortal champions or princesses the boon of immortal love. Such is, all too briefly sketched, the nature of this body of romantic fiction. Whoso is familiar with Arthurian romance detects at once an underlying...
Page 32 - And helpe them in necessity. Doe thus, and all the world shall know The prankes of Robin Good-fellow ; For by that name thou cald shalt be To ages last posterity. If thou observe my just command, One day thou shalt see Fayry Land.
Page 27 - I would also urge that the love of neatness and orderly method so characteristic of the fairy world is easily referable to a time when all the operations of rural life formed part of a definite religious ritual, every jot and tittle of which must be carried out with minute precision.
Page 19 - Irish peasant after our survey of the mediaeval romantic literature, we are seemingly at fault. The fairies are the lineal descendants of the Tuatha de Danann; name and attributes and story can be traced, and yet the outcome is so different. The Irish peasant belief of today is agricultural in its scope and intent, as is the English — the Irish fairies are bestowers of increase in flock and herd, protectors and fosterers of vegetation, jealous guardians of ancient country rites.