The Fall of Natural Man: The American Indian and the Origins of Comparative Ethnology
Cambridge University Press, 1986 - 268 oldal
This book gives a new interpretation of the reception of the new world by the old. It is the first in-depth study of the pre-Enlightenment methods by which Europeans attempted to describe and classify the American Indian and his society. Between 1512 and 1724 a simple determinist view of human society was replaced by a more sophisticated relativist approach. Anthony Pagden uses new methods of technical analysis, already developed in philosophy and anthropology, to examine four groups of writers who analysed Indian culture: the sixteenth-century theologian, Francisco de Vitoria, and his followers; the 'champion of the Indians' Bartolomé de Las Casas; and the Jesuit historians José de Acosta and Joseph François Lafitau. Dr Pagden explains the sources for their theories and how these conditioned their observations. He also examines for the first time the key terms in each writer's vocabulary - words such as 'barbarian' and 'civil' - and the assumptions that lay beneath them.
Mit mondanak mások - Írjon ismertetőt
Nem találtunk ismertetőket a szokott helyeken.
The problem of recognition
The image of the barbarian
The theory of natural slavery
From natures slaves to natures children
The rhetorician and the theologians Juan Gines de Sepulveda and his dialogue Democrates secundus
A programme for comparative ethnology 1 Bartolome de Las Casas
Más kiadások - Összes megtekintése
able Acosta America ancient animals Aquinas argument Aristotle Aristotle's arts attempt authority barbarians barbarism become behaviour belief body called cannibalism Casas century Christian cities civil civilised claimed clear clearly concerned course created creatures cultural customs Democrates demonstrate depends described discussion effect encomienda European evidence existence explain fact failed finally followed Greeks groups human Ibid Indians Indies instance intellectual kind knowledge Lafitau language Las Casas later less linguistic live man's matter means merely mind missionaries moral natural slave never observed once origins political possess possible question races rational reason reference religion religious rule seemed seen sense Sepúlveda similar simple slavery social society Soto Spaniards Spanish theory things thought true types understanding universe Vitoria worship wrote