The First Hundred Years of European Textile-printing
"Technical inventions show slow but massive infiltration from east to west throughout the first fourteen centuries. ... Until the 15th century, Western European technology may be said to have been less advanced than that of other Old World regions".
The transfer of Far-eastern know-how continued in modern times and among the latecomers textile-printing had a major impact as a primer of the Industrial Revolution. The fast and bright colours of chintz elicited the "Indian craze" in fashion, causing a permanent shortage of cotton-yam ending up in the invention of spinning machines.
It took up a hundred years until the innovation established itself in Europe and -- in accordance with the general trend -- lead to the mechanization of the process by Th. Bell's famous roller-printing equipment (1783). In contrast to earlier transfer-stories this one took place in the limelight of historical documents.