The Franciscans in the Middle Ages

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Boydell Press, 2006 - Religion - 239 pages
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St Francis of Assisi is one of the most admired figures of the Middle Ages - and one of the most important in the Christian church, modelling his life on the literal observance of the Gospel and recovering an emphasis on the poverty experienced by Jesus Christ. From 1217 Francis sent communities of friars throughout Christendom and launched missions to several countries, including India and China. The movement soon became established in most cities and several large towns, and, enjoying close relations with the popes, its followers were ideal instruments for the propagation of the reforms of the Fourth Lateran Council of 1215. They quickly became part of the landscape of medieval life and made their influence felt throughout society.BR>This book explores the first 250 years of the order's history and charts its rapid growth, development, pastoral ministry, educational organisation, missionary endeavour, internal tensions and divisions. Intended for both the general and more specialist reader, it offers a complete survey of the Franciscan Order. Dr MICHAEL ROBSON is a Fellow and Director of Studies in Theology at St Edmund's College, Cambridge
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
The Thirteenth Century 1 St Franciss Vocation to Live and Proclaim the Gospel
10
The Initial Expansion of the Order
22
The Poor Followers of St Francis
37
The Friars Ministry of Preaching
48
Preparation for the Apostolate 5 8
67
Friars and the Papacy
69
St Bonaventure
82
The Friars and Their Neighbours
141
Giovanni Boccaccio Satire and the Friars
151
The FriarsChurches
162
Communities of the Friars Minor Conventual
171
The Emergence of the Observant Reform in Umbria
181
The Fifteenth Century 17 The Preaching of StBernardine of Siena 192
192
Towards Division 14001446
202
Observants and Conventuals I41o1456 113
213

The Order s Role in the Church 9 5
101
The Fourteenth Century 9 The Mission to China
108
The Growing Clamour for Reform
119
The Crisis under Pope John XXII 13
130

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